Amoxicillin: 7 yam uas koj yuav tsum paub

1. Nws ua haujlwm li cas

  • Amoxicillin yog ib qho tshuaj tua kab mob tua kab mob los ntawm inhibiting synthesis ntawm cell phab ntsa mucopeptides (crystal lattice zoo li cov qauv tsim los ntawm cov amino acids uas ua rau cov phab ntsa ntawm tes). Qhov no ua rau tsis muaj zog thiab rhuav tshem cov kab mob ntawm phab ntsa.
  • Amoxicillin muaj cov txiaj ntsig zoo ib yam li ampicillin.
  • Amoxicillin belongs rau pawg tshuaj hu ua penicillins.

2. Upsides

  • Active tiv thaiv kab mob uas feem ntau ua rau pob ntseg, qhov ntswg, lossis caj pas.
  • Kuj tseem siv tau los kho cov kab mob ntawm cov kab mob genitourinary, daim tawv nqaij, lossis cov kab mob ua pa qis uas tshwm sim los ntawm cov kab mob cuam tshuam.
  • Tshwj xeeb active tiv thaiv:
  • Aerobic gram-positive kab mob: Enterococcus faecalis , Staphylococcus hom (beta-lactamase tsis zoo hom nkaus xwb), qee hom ntawm Streptococcus hom suav nrog S. pneumoniae
  • Aerobic gram-negative bacteria (beta-lactamase negative strains xwb): Escherichia coli , Hemophilus influenzae , Neisseria gonorrhoeae muaj , Proteus mirabilis .
  • Kuj muaj kev tawm tsam Helicobacter pylori , kab mob feem ntau txuam nrog plab rwj. Amoxicillin, thaum siv nrog lwm cov tshuaj (xws li lansoprazole thiab clarithromycin), tuaj yeem pab txo qis kev pheej hmoo ntawm duodenal rwj.
  • Feem ntau zoo zam.
  • Generic amoxicillin yog muaj.

3. Kev poob qis

Yog tias koj muaj hnub nyoog ntawm 18 thiab 60 xyoo, tsis noj lwm yam tshuaj lossis tsis muaj lwm yam mob, cov kev mob tshwm sim uas koj yuav muaj xws li:

  • xeev siab, raws plab, mob plab, mob taub hau, saj perversion, thiab daim tawv nqaij ua pob liab vog yog qhov tshwm sim feem ntau tshwm sim (tseem muaj tsawg dua 10% ntawm cov neeg uas noj amoxicillin).
  • Tej zaum yuav ua rau muaj kev tsis haum tshuaj rau cov tshuaj penicillin. Tag nrho qhov tshwm sim ntawm anaphylaxis yog tsawg (tsawg dua 0.01%).
  • Tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv beta-lactamase-ua hom kab mob ntawm cov kab mob.
  • Staphylococci Cov kab mob uas tiv taus methicillin / oxacillin yuav tsum raug txiav txim siab tiv thaiv amoxicillin ib yam nkaus.
  • Mob plab heev txuam nrog Clostridium difficile yog ib qho kev mob tshwm sim ntawm yuav luag tag nrho cov tshuaj tua kab mob, suav nrog amoxicillin.
  • Qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm pob pob liab liab yog siab rau cov neeg uas muaj mononucleosis siv tshuaj ampicillin zoo li tshuaj tua kab mob xws li amoxicillin, thiab amoxicillin yuav tsum zam rau cov neeg no.
  • Tej zaum yuav ua rau cov txiaj ntsig tsis zoo rau cov piam thaj hauv qee qhov kev kuaj zis.
  • Zam rau cov neeg uas muaj keeb kwm ntawm kev ua xua penicillin.

Nco tseg: Feem ntau, cov neeg laus lossis cov menyuam yaus, cov neeg uas muaj qee yam mob (xws li mob siab lossis mob raum, kab mob plawv, ntshav qab zib, qaug dab peg) lossis cov neeg noj lwm cov tshuaj muaj kev pheej hmoo ntau dua ntawm cov kev mob tshwm sim. Saib daim ntawv teev tag nrho cov kev mob tshwm sim



4. Kab hauv qab

Amoxicillin yog ib hom tshuaj tua kab mob penicillin uas tsuas yog kho cov kab mob los ntawm cov kab mob uas raug mob. Nws yog feem ntau zoo zam.

5. Cov lus qhia

  • Coj raws nraim li qhia. Amoxicillin feem ntau yog siv txhua yim mus rau kaum ob teev, nyob ntawm seb tus kab mob raug kho. Ua kom tiav cov tshuaj amoxicillin raws li koj tus kws kho mob tau sau tseg.
  • Tej zaum yuav noj nrog lossis tsis muaj zaub mov.
  • Muaj raws li cov ntsiav tshuaj chewable thiab lub qhov ncauj raug tshem tawm yog tias koj muaj teeb meem nqos cov tshuaj ntsiav.
  • Hu rau 911 yog tias koj muaj teeb meem ua pa, o lossis nruj ntawm caj pas.
  • Mus ntsib koj tus kws kho mob yog tias koj mob raws plab ntev lossis mob plab lossis ua pob liab liab.
  • Yog tias koj noj amoxicillin mus sij hawm ntev, koj tus kws kho mob yuav tsum tau txiav txim siab mus kuaj ntshav thiab xyuas koj lub raum thiab lub siab ua haujlwm.
  • Yog tias koj noj cov tshuaj amoxicillin rau tus kab mob gonorrhea, koj yuav xav tau kev kuaj mob rau STDs (xws li syphilis) tom qab peb lub hlis.

6. Teb thiab ua tau zoo

  • Amoxicillin tau nqus sai sai tom qab kev tswj hwm qhov ncauj thiab qhov siab tshaj plaws tau mus txog 1-2 teev tom qab noj. Txawm li cas los xij, nws yuav siv sij hawm ntev txog 24-72 teev ntawm kev noj tshuaj tsis tu ncua ua ntej cov tsos mob pib mob.
  • Amoxicillin tau faib zoo thoob plaws hauv lub cev thiab cov kua dej ntau. Qhov tshwj xeeb yog lub hlwb thiab tus txha caj qaum, qhov twg nws tsuas yog nkag mus yog tias cov meninges (cov membranes uas nyob rau hauv lub hlwb thiab qaum qaum) yog o.

7. Kev sib tham

Cov tshuaj uas cuam tshuam nrog amoxicillin tuaj yeem txo qis nws cov txiaj ntsig, cuam tshuam ntev npaum li cas nws ua haujlwm, ua rau muaj kev phiv ntau ntxiv, lossis muaj cov nyhuv tsawg dua thaum noj nrog amoxicillin. Kev sib cuam tshuam ntawm ob cov tshuaj tsis yog ib txwm txhais tau tias koj yuav tsum tsis txhob noj ib qho tshuaj; txawm li cas los xij, qee zaum nws ua. Tham nrog koj tus kws kho mob txog yuav ua li cas kev sib cuam tshuam tshuaj yuav tsum tau tswj.

Cov tshuaj nquag uas tuaj yeem cuam tshuam nrog amoxicillin suav nrog:

  • allopurinol (tej zaum yuav nce qhov tshwm sim ntawm pob liab liab)
  • anticoagulants (ntshav thinners), xws li warfarin (tej zaum yuav ncua sij hawm los ntshav)
  • Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob hauv qhov ncauj (tej zaum yuav txo qhov nqus tau ua rau txo qis)
  • Lwm cov tshuaj tua kab mob, xws li chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, macrolides, thiab tetracycline
  • probenecid (tej zaum yuav ua kom cov ntshav nce siab ntawm amoxicillin).

Amoxicillin tuaj yeem ua rau muaj qhov tsis zoo rau cov piam thaj hauv cov zis nrog kev sim txo cov tooj liab (xws li Benedict's lossis Fehling's solution), tab sis tsis yog nrog kev ntsuas enzyme.

Nco ntsoov tias daim ntawv teev npe no tsis suav nrog txhua yam thiab suav nrog tsuas yog cov tshuaj uas muaj feem cuam tshuam nrog amoxicillin. Koj yuav tsum xa mus rau cov ntaub ntawv sau tshuaj rau amoxicillin kom ua tiav cov npe ntawm kev sib cuam tshuam.

Cov ntaub ntawv

Amoxicillin. Kho tshiab 09/2020. find-drugs-conditionsppa/amoxicillin.html

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov khaws cov tshuaj no thiab lwm yam tshuaj kom deb ntawm menyuam yaus, tsis txhob muab koj cov tshuaj rau lwm tus, thiab siv amoxicillin nkaus xwb rau cov lus qhia.

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.

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