Phau ntawv tshuaj tua kab mob

Thaum Yuav Siv | Thaum Tsis Siv | Sab saum toj 10 Kab Mob Kho | Sab saum toj 10 Generic Tshuaj | Sab saum toj 10 Hom Tshuaj | Hom tshuaj tua kab mob | Kev xaiv OTC | Ntau cov peev txheej

Noj tshuaj tua kab mob

Koj feem ntau yuav tau txais ib qho tshuaj tua kab mob los yog tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tsawg kawg ib zaug hauv koj lub neej. Los ntawm cov kev kho mob rau mob caj pas los yog pob ntseg kab mob raws li ib tug me nyuam, mus rau kub hnyiab kab mob los yog khaus khaus ntawm daim tawv nqaij raws li ib tug neeg laus, tshuaj tua kab mob yog ib qho ntawm feem ntau siv thiab tseem ceeb cov chav kawm tshuaj peb muaj nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj.



Nkag siab txog lub ntiaj teb loj heev ntawm cov tshuaj tua kab mob thiab tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tsis yog ib txoj haujlwm yooj yim. Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob yog ib pawg loj ntawm cov tshuaj uas npog a Kev kis kab mob ntau yam , suav nrog fungal, viral, kab mob, thiab txawm tias kab mob protozoal.

  • Cov neeg ncaws pob ko taw ? Qhov ntawd yog ib qho kab mob fungal.
  • HIV ? Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ib txwm xav tau.
  • Kab mob zais zis ? Yog lawm, qhov ntawd yuav xav tau tshuaj tua kab mob hauv qhov ncauj.
  • taub hau ? Ib qho tshuaj pleev tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tuaj yeem txo qhov khaus.

Tsis muaj ib hom tshuaj tua kab mob uas kho tau txhua yam kab mob. Tshuaj tua kab mob tshwj xeeb yog kho cov kab mob uas tshwm sim los ntawm cov kab mob, xws li Staph., Strep., los yog E. coli., thiab tua cov kab mob (bactericidal) los yog ua kom nws los ntawm kev tsim thiab loj hlob (bacteriostatic). Cov tshuaj tua kab mob tsis ua haujlwm tiv thaiv ib qho twg kis kab mob .

Thaum Yuav Siv Tshuaj Tua Kab Mob

Cov tshuaj tua kab mob tshwj xeeb rau hom kab mob uas raug kho thiab, feem ntau, tsis tuaj yeem hloov pauv ntawm ib tus kab mob mus rau lwm qhov. Thaum siv tshuaj tua kab mob kom raug, lawv feem ntau muaj kev nyab xeeb nrog ob peb yam kev mob tshwm sim.

cov teebmeem ntev ntawm zyrtec

Txawm li cas los xij, zoo li feem ntau cov tshuaj, cov tshuaj tua kab mob tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev phiv los ntawm kev ua tsis zoo mus rau qhov hnyav lossis ua rau muaj kev phom sij rau lub neej. Hauv cov menyuam mos thiab cov neeg laus, cov neeg mob raum lossis mob siab, cov poj niam cev xeeb tub lossis pub niam mis, thiab ntau lwm pab pawg neeg mob yuav tsum tau hloov kho raws li cov yam ntxwv tshwj xeeb ntawm tus neeg mob, xws li lub raum lossis lub siab ua haujlwm, qhov hnyav, los yog muaj hnub nyoog. Cov tshuaj sib cuam tshuam kuj tuaj yeem tshwm sim nrog cov tshuaj tua kab mob. Cov kws kho mob muaj peev xwm ntsuas txhua tus neeg mob tus kheej kom txiav txim siab txog cov tshuaj tua kab mob thiab koob tshuaj kom raug.

Thaum Tsis Siv Tshuaj Tua Kab Mob

Cov tshuaj tua kab mob tsis yog qhov kev xaiv raug rau txhua tus kab mob. Piv txwv li, feem ntau mob caj pas , hnoos thiab mob khaub thuas , mob khaub thuas los yog mob sinusitis yog kab mob hauv keeb kwm (tsis yog kab mob) thiab tsis xav tau tshuaj tua kab mob. Cov kab mob kis no yog txwv tus kheej, txhais tau hais tias koj tus kheej lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob feem ntau yuav ncaws tawm thiab tawm tsam tus kab mob. Qhov tseeb, kev siv tshuaj tua kab mob rau cov kab mob kis tau tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo rau cov tshuaj tua kab mob, txo cov kev xaiv rau kev kho mob yav tom ntej yog tias xav tau tshuaj tua kab mob, thiab ua rau tus neeg mob muaj kev pheej hmoo rau cov kev mob tshwm sim thiab cov nqi ntxiv vim kev kho tshuaj tsis tsim nyog.

Cov kab mob tshuaj tua kab mob tsis tuaj yeem tiv thaiv tag nrho lossis tua los ntawm cov tshuaj tua kab mob, txawm tias cov tshuaj tua kab mob yuav ua haujlwm tau zoo ua ntej qhov kev tawm tsam tshwm sim. Tsis txhob muab koj cov tshuaj tua kab mob los yog noj cov tshuaj uas tau muab rau lwm tus, thiab tsis txhob khaws cov tshuaj tua kab mob los siv lwm zaus koj muaj mob.

Txhawm rau kom nkag siab zoo dua cov tshuaj tua kab mob, nws yog qhov zoo tshaj los rhuav tshem lawv mus rau hauv cov kab mob sib kis, tshuaj tua kab mob, thiab cov chav kawm tshuaj tua kab mob saum toj kawg nkaus raws li teev hauv Drugs.com.

Sab saum toj 10 Daim Ntawv Teev Cov Kab Mob Uas Kho Nrog Tshuaj tua kab mob

  1. Pob txuv
  2. Mob ntsws
  3. Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
  4. Otitis Media (pob pob ntseg)
  5. Cov Kab Mob Sib Kis (STD's)
  6. Daim tawv nqaij lossis cov ntaub so ntswg mos
  7. Streptococcal Pharyngitis (Strep caj pas)
  8. Traveler's raws plab
  9. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
  10. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).

Sab saum toj 10 Daim Ntawv Teev Cov Tshuaj Tua Kab Mob

  1. amoxicillin
  2. doxycycline
  3. cephalexin
  4. ciprofloxacin ua
  5. clindamycin
  6. tshuaj metronidazole
  7. azithromycin
  8. sulfamethoxazole thiab trimethoprim
  9. amoxicillin thiab clavulanate
  10. levofloxacin

Sab saum toj 10 Daim Ntawv Teev Npe Tshuaj Tua Kab Mob

  1. Augmentin
  2. Flagyl , Flagyl ER
  3. Amoxil
  4. Cipro
  5. Keflex
  6. Bactrim , Bactrim DS
  7. Levaquin
  8. Zithromax
  9. Avelox
  10. Cleocin

Sab saum toj 10 Daim Ntawv Teev Npe Tshuaj Tua Kab Mob (Cov Hom Tshuaj Tiv Thaiv)

  1. Penicillins
  2. Tetracyclines
  3. Cephalosporins
  4. Quinolones
  5. Lincomycins
  6. Macrolides
  7. Sulfonamides
  8. Glycopeptides
  9. Aminoglycosides
  10. Carbapenems

Feem ntau cov tshuaj tua kab mob poob rau hauv lawv cov chav kawm tshuaj tua kab mob. Chav kawm tshuaj tua kab mob yog ib pawg ntawm cov tshuaj sib txawv uas muaj cov tshuaj zoo sib xws thiab cov tshuaj pharmacological. Lawv cov qauv tshuaj yuav zoo sib xws, thiab cov tshuaj nyob rau hauv tib chav kawm yuav tua cov kab mob tib yam lossis muaj feem cuam tshuam.

Txawm li cas los xij, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb tsis txhob siv tshuaj tua kab mob rau kev kis kab mob tshwj tsis yog tias koj tus kws kho mob tshwj xeeb sau nws, txawm tias nws nyob hauv tib chav kawm raws li lwm cov tshuaj uas koj tau sau yav dhau los. Cov tshuaj tua kab mob tshwj xeeb rau cov kab mob uas lawv tua. Ntxiv rau, koj yuav xav tau kev kho mob tag nrho los kho koj tus kab mob kom zoo, yog li tsis txhob siv lossis muab cov tshuaj tua kab mob pov tseg.

1. Penicillins

Lwm lub npe rau cov chav kawm no yog cov tshuaj tua kab mob beta-lactam, xa mus rau lawv cov qauv qauv. Chav kawm penicillin muaj tsib pawg tshuaj tua kab mob: aminopenicillins , antipseudomonal penicillins , beta-lactamase inhibitors , natural penicillins , thiab cov penicillinase resistant penicillins .

Cov tshuaj tua kab mob ntau yam hauv chav kawm penicillin muaj xws li:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv

amoxicillin

Amoxil
amoxicillin thiab clavulanate Augmentin, Augmentin ES-600, Augmentin XR
tshuaj ampicillin Unasyn
tshuaj dicloxacillin Dynapen (tsis txuas ntxiv)
tshuaj oxacillin Bactocill (tsis txuas ntxiv)
penicillin V poov tshuaj PC cwj mem VK (tsis txuas ntxiv)

Qee yam penicillinase-resistant penicillins (xws li tshuaj oxacillin los yog tshuaj dicloxacillin ) yog inherently resistant rau tej yam beta-lactamase enzymes los ntawm lawv tus kheej. Lwm tus, piv txwv li, amoxicillin los yog tshuaj ampicillin muaj cov tshuaj tua kab mob ntau dua thaum lawv ua ke nrog beta-lactamase inhibitor xws li clavulanate, sulbactam, lossis tazobactam.

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj penicillin

2. Tetracyclines

Tetracyclines yog dav-spectrum tiv thaiv ntau cov kab mob thiab kho tej yam mob xws li pob txuv, kab mob urinary ib ntsuj av (UTIs), kab mob plab hnyuv, kab mob qhov muag, kab mob sib deev, kab mob periodontitis (pos hniav), thiab lwm yam kab mob. Cov chav kawm tetracycline muaj cov tshuaj xws li:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv

demeclocycline

Declomycin

doxycycline

Adoxa , Doryx , Doxy 100, Oracea , Vibramycin
eravacycline Xerava
minocycline Dynacin , Minocin , Solodyn

omadacycline

Nuzyra
tshuaj tetracycline Panmycin , Sumycin

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj tetracycline

3. Cephalosporins

Muaj tsib tiam ntawm cephalosporins, nrog rau kev nthuav dav ntxiv thoob plaws hauv chav kawm kom suav nrog cov kab mob gram-tsis zoo. Cov tiam tshiab tshiab nrog cov qauv tshiab yog tsim los tso cai kom dav dav ntawm qee cov kab mob. Cephalosporins yog bactericidal (tua cov kab mob) thiab ua haujlwm zoo ib yam li penicillins. Cephalosporins kho ntau hom kab mob, xws li mob caj pas, kab mob hauv pob ntseg, kab mob urinary, kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij, kab mob ntsws, thiab mob meningitis. Cov tshuaj nquag hauv chav kawm no suav nrog:

vim li cas kuv lub mis thiaj mob
Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv
cefaclor Ceclor (khoom tsis siv)
cefdinir Omnicef ​​(tsis txuas ntxiv)
cefotaxime Claforan
ceftazidime Avycaz , Muaj zog , Tazicef
ceftriaxone Rocephin (tsis txuas ntxiv)
cefuroxime Zinacef

Lub thib tsib tiam (los yog tiam tom ntej) cephalosporin hu ua Ceftaroline ( Teflaro ) yog nquag tawm tsam methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Avycaz muaj cov beta-lactamase inhibitor avibactam.

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj cephalosporin

4. Quinolones

Cov quinolones, tseem hu ua fluoroquinolones, yog cov khoom siv hluavtaws, bactericidal antibacterial class nrog ib qho kev ua haujlwm dav dav. Cov quinolones tuaj yeem siv los kho cov kab mob urinary nyuaj thaum lwm cov kev xaiv tsis zoo, mob ntsws hauv tsev kho mob, kab mob prostatitis, thiab txawm tias anthrax lossis kab mob plague.

FDA tau tshaj tawm ntau yam lus ceeb toom muaj zog hais txog cov chav kawm no vim muaj feem cuam tshuam txog kev cuam tshuam. Kawm ntxiv: Fluoroquinolone Antibacterial Drugs for Systemic Use: Tshuaj Tiv Thaiv Kev Sib Txuas Lus - Cov Lus Ceeb Toom Hloov Kho Vim Tsis Muaj Kev Tsis Txaus Siab

Cov tshuaj nquag hauv chav kawm fluoroquinolone suav nrog:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv
ciprofloxacin ua Cipro , Cipro XR
levofloxacin Levaquin
moxifloxacin Avelox

Ob peb quinolones kuj muaj nyob rau hauv daim ntawv poob los kho qhov muag lossis pob ntseg.

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj quinolone

5. Lincomycins

Cov chav kawm no muaj kev ua haujlwm tiv thaiv gram-zoo aerobes thiab anaerobes (cov kab mob uas tuaj yeem nyob tsis muaj oxygen), nrog rau qee qhov gram-tsis zoo anaerobes. Cov lincomycin derivatives tuaj yeem siv los kho cov kab mob loj xws li kab mob hauv plab, kab mob hauv plab, kab mob hauv plab, thiab kab mob pob txha thiab pob qij txha. Qee cov ntaub ntawv kuj tau siv tshuaj pleev xim rau ntawm daim tawv nqaij los kho pob txuv. Cov tshuaj no muaj xws li:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv
clindamycin Cleocin , Cleocin T , Evoclin
lincomycin Lincocin

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj lincomycin

6. Macrolides

Cov macrolides tuaj yeem siv los kho cov mob ntsws hauv zej zog, kab mob pertussis ( hnoos hawb pob), lossis rau cov kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij tsis yooj yim, ntawm lwm cov kab mob uas raug mob. Ketolides yog ib tiam tshiab ntawm cov tshuaj tua kab mob tsim los kov yeej cov kab mob macrolides. Feem ntau cov tshuaj macrolides yog:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv
azithromycin Zithromax
clarithromycin Biaxin
erythromycin tshuaj E.E.S. , Ery-Tab , Eryc

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj macrolides

7. Sulfonamides

Sulfonamides muaj txiaj ntsig zoo tiv thaiv qee cov kab mob gram-zoo thiab ntau cov kab mob gram-tsis zoo, tab sis kuj muaj ntau. Kev siv cov sulfonamides suav nrog cov kab mob urinary tract (UTIs), kev kho lossis tiv thaiv kab mob pneumocystis pneumonia, lossis kab mob pob ntseg (otitis media). Cov npe uas paub muaj xws li:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv
sulfamethoxazole thiab trimethoprim

Bactrim , Bactrim DS, Septra

sulfasalazine Azulfidine
sulfisoxazole (cov khoom txiav tawm) Eryzole (tsis txuas ntxiv), Gantrisin (tsis txuas ntxiv)

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj sulfonamides

8. Glycopeptide Tshuaj tua kab mob

Cov tswv cuab ntawm pab pawg no tuaj yeem siv los kho cov tshuaj methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) kab mob, kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij, C. difficile-associated raws plab, thiab enterococcal kab mob xws li endocarditis uas tiv taus beta-lactams thiab lwm yam tshuaj tua kab mob. Cov npe tshuaj muaj xws li:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv
ua dalbavancin Dalvance
oritavancin Orbactiv
telavancin Vibativ
vancomycin Firvanq, Vancocin

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj glycopeptide

9. Aminoglycosides

Aminoglycosides inhibit cov kab mob synthesis los ntawm kev khi rau 30S ribosome thiab ua sai sai li cov tshuaj tua kab mob (tua cov kab mob). Cov tshuaj no feem ntau yog muab tso rau hauv cov hlab ntsha (hauv cov hlab ntsha los ntawm rab koob). Ib qho piv txwv hauv chav kawm no yog:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv

gentamicin

k56 paj yeeb paj yeeb
Garamycin (tsis txuas ntxiv), Genoptic
tobramycin TOBI , Tobradex , Tobrex
amikacin Amikin

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj aminoglycoside

10. Carbapenems

Cov tshuaj tua kab mob beta-lactam no muaj ntau yam ntawm cov kab mob tua kab mob thiab yuav siv tau rau cov kab mob me me rau lub neej xws li kab mob plab, mob ntsws, mob raum, kab mob hauv tsev kho mob tau txais ntau yam kab mob thiab ntau lwm yam kab mob loj. mob. Lawv feem ntau tau txais kev cawmdim rau cov kab mob hnyav dua lossis siv los ua 'kab kawg' tus neeg sawv cev los pab tiv thaiv kev tawm tsam. Cov tswv cuab ntawm chav kawm no suav nrog:

Ntau Hom Lub Npe Piv Txwv
imipenem thiab cilastatin Primaxin
meropenem tuaj koom
doripenem Doribax (tsis txuas ntxiv)
ua ertapenem Invanz

Saib tag nrho cov tshuaj carbapenems

Puas Muaj Cov Tshuaj Tua Kab Mob Tshaj Tawm?

Cov tshuaj tua kab mob hauv lub qhov ncauj (OTC) tsis raug pom zoo hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas Cov kab mob kis tau zoo tshaj plaws yog kho nrog tshuaj tua kab mob tshwj xeeb rau hom kab mob ua rau kis kab mob. Kev siv cov tshuaj tua kab mob tshwj xeeb yuav ua rau muaj feem kis tau tus kab mob zoo thiab pab tiv thaiv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob. Tsis tas li ntawd, kev kuaj kab lis kev cai yuav tsum tau ua kom pom cov kab mob thiab pab xaiv cov tshuaj tua kab mob zoo tshaj plaws. Kev noj tshuaj tua kab mob tsis raug - lossis tsis txaus - tuaj yeem ua rau kis tus kab mob thiab tiv thaiv cov tshuaj tua kab mob los ua haujlwm rau lwm zaus.

Muaj ob peb lub khw muag khoom tshuaj tua kab mob uas tuaj yeem siv rau ntawm daim tawv nqaij. Qee cov khoom kho lossis tiv thaiv kev txiav me me, khawb lossis hlawv ntawm daim tawv nqaij uas yuav kis tau cov kab mob. Cov no muaj nyob rau hauv cream, tshuaj pleev, thiab txawm tshuaj tsuag.

Hom tshuaj tua kab mob OTC tshuaj tua kab mob:

  • Neosporin (bacitracin, neomycin, polymyxin B)
  • Polysporin (bacitracin, polymyxin B)
  • Triple tshuaj tua kab mob, generic (bacitracin, neomycin, polymyxin B)
  • Neosporin + Pain Relief Ointment (bacitracin, neomycin, polymyxin B, pramoxine)

Muaj qee cov tshuaj tua kab mob OTC rau kev kho pob txuv, ib yam nkaus. Lawv muaj cov tshuaj tua kab mob benzoyl peroxide , uas tseem muaj cov nyhuv me me rau pob txuv. Muaj ntau yam khoom muaj nyob rau ntawm lub khw muag khoom txee xws li gels, tshuaj pleev ib ce, kev daws teeb meem, foams, ntxuav pads, thiab txawm lub ntsej muag txhuam.

Feem ntau OTC tshuaj tua kab mob rau pob txuv:

Saib ntxiv

Qhov chaw

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.