Gabapentin

Lub npe dav: gabapentin (GA thiab PEN tin)
Hom Lub Npe: Gralise, Horizant, Neurontin, Gabarone
Chav kawm tshuaj: Gamma-aminobutyric acid analogues

gabapentin yog dab tsi?

Gabapentin yog ib qho tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob vwm, tseem hu ua an anticonvulsant . Nws cuam tshuam rau cov tshuaj thiab cov hlab ntsha hauv lub cev uas cuam tshuam rau qhov ua rau qaug dab peg thiab qee hom mob.



Gabapentin yog siv ua ke nrog lwm cov tshuaj los kho ib feem qaug dab peg hauv cov neeg laus thiab menyuam yaus yam tsawg 3 xyoos.

Gabapentin kuj tseem siv los kho neuropathic mob (ntshav qab zib) tshwm sim los ntawm tus kab mob herpes los yog shingles (herpes zoster) nyob rau hauv cov neeg laus.

Tsuas yog siv hom thiab daim ntawv ntawm gabapentin koj tus kws kho mob tau sau tseg. Tshawb xyuas koj cov tshuaj txhua zaus koj tau txais daim ntawv rov qab kom paub tseeb tias koj tau txais daim ntawv raug.

Lub npe Gralise ntawm gabapentin yog qhia rau kev tswj cov mob neuropathic nkaus xwb. Nws tsis yog siv rau qaug dab peg.

Kab rov tav yog siv los kho mob paj hlwb thiab nyob tsis tswm ceg syndrome (RLS) .

Neurontin hom yog siv los kho mob qaug dab peg hauv cov neeg laus thiab cov menyuam yaus uas muaj hnub nyoog tsawg kawg 3 xyoos, ntxiv rau qhov mob neuropathic.

Ceeb toom

Gabapentin tuaj yeem ua rau muaj teeb meem ua pa nyuaj rau lub neej, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias koj twb muaj kev ua pa tsis zoo lossis yog tias koj siv lwm cov tshuaj uas tuaj yeem ua rau koj tsaug zog lossis ua pa qeeb. Nrhiav kev kho mob xwm txheej ceev yog tias koj ua pa qeeb heev.

Qee tus neeg muaj kev xav txog kev tua tus kheej lossis kev hloov tus cwj pwm thaum noj gabapentin. Nco ntsoov hloov koj lub siab xav lossis cov tsos mob. Tshaj tawm cov tsos mob tshiab lossis tsis zoo rau koj tus kws kho mob.

Tsis txhob tsav tsheb lossis ua haujlwm txaus ntshai kom txog thaum koj paub tias gabapentin yuav cuam tshuam rau koj li cas. kiv taub hau lossis qaug zog tuaj yeem ua rau ntog, raug xwm txheej, lossis raug mob hnyav.

Tsis txhob siv gabapentin tam sim ntawd, txawm tias koj zoo.

Ua ntej noj cov tshuaj no

Koj yuav tsum tsis txhob siv gabapentin yog tias koj ua xua rau nws.

Txhawm rau kom paub tseeb tias gabapentin muaj kev nyab xeeb rau koj, qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob yog tias koj puas tau muaj:

Qee tus neeg muaj kev xav txog kev tua tus kheej thaum noj cov tshuaj no. Cov menyuam yaus noj gabapentin tuaj yeem hloov pauv tus cwj pwm. Nco ntsoov hloov koj lub siab xav lossis cov tsos mob. Tshaj tawm cov tsos mob tshiab lossis tsis zoo rau koj tus kws kho mob.

Nws tsis paub tias cov tshuaj no puas yuav ua mob rau tus menyuam hauv plab. Qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob yog tias koj cev xeeb tub lossis npaj yuav xeeb tub.

Kev tswj qaug dab peg yog qhov tseem ceeb heev thaum cev xeeb tub, thiab kev qaug dab peg tuaj yeem ua mob rau leej niam thiab tus menyuam. Tsis txhob pib lossis tsis txhob noj gabapentin rau qaug dab peg yam tsis muaj koj tus kws kho mob cov lus qhia, thiab qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob tam sim yog tias koj cev xeeb tub.

Yog tias koj cev xeeb tub, koj lub npe yuav raug teev rau hauv daim ntawv teev npe cev xeeb tub txhawm rau taug qab cov teebmeem ntawm gabapentin rau tus menyuam.

Tej zaum nws yuav tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb rau pub niam mis thaum siv cov tshuaj no. Nug koj tus kws kho mob txog kev pheej hmoo.

Kuv yuav tsum noj gabapentin li cas?

Noj gabapentin raws nraim li koj tus kws kho mob tau sau tseg. Ua raws li tag nrho cov lus qhia ntawm koj daim ntawv sau tshuaj. Tsis txhob noj ntau dua lossis tsawg dua lossis ntev dua li kev pom zoo.

Yog tias koj tus kws kho mob hloov koj lub npe, lub zog, lossis hom gabapentin, koj qhov kev xav tau ntau npaum li cas yuav hloov. Nug koj tus kws muag tshuaj yog tias koj muaj lus nug txog hom gabapentin tshiab uas koj tau txais ntawm lub tsev muag tshuaj.

Ob leeg Gralise thiab Kab rov tav yuav tsum tau noj nrog zaub mov.

Neurontin tuaj yeem noj nrog lossis tsis muaj zaub mov.

Yog tias koj rhuav tshem cov ntsiav tshuaj Neurontin thiab tsuas yog ib nrab ntawm nws, noj ib nrab ntawm koj qhov koob tshuaj ntxiv. Txhua lub ntsiav tshuaj uas tau tawg lawm yuav tsum tau siv sai li sai tau lossis hauv ob peb hnub.

nqos cov tshuaj ntsiav los yog ntsiav tshuaj tag nrho thiab tsis txhob tsoo, zom, tawg, lossis qhib nws.

Ntsuas cov tshuaj ua kua ua tib zoo. Siv cov koob txhaj tshuaj uas tau muab, lossis siv cov tshuaj ntsuas tshuaj (tsis yog rab diav).

Tsis txhob tso tseg cov tshuaj no tam sim ntawd, txawm tias koj zoo lawm. Kev nres tam sim ntawd yuav ua rau qaug dab peg. Ua raws li koj tus kws kho mob cov lus qhia txog kev txo koj cov koob tshuaj.

Thaum muaj xwm txheej ceev, hnav lossis nqa daim ntawv kho mob qhia rau lwm tus paub tias koj muaj qaug dab peg.

Cov tshuaj no tuaj yeem ua rau muaj qhov txawv txav nrog qee yam kev kuaj mob. Qhia rau tus kws kho mob uas kho koj tias koj siv gabapentin.

Khaws ob qho tib si ntsiav tshuaj thiab tshuaj ntsiav ntawm chav tsev kub kom deb ntawm lub teeb thiab noo noo.

Khaws lub ua kua tshuaj nyob rau hauv lub tub yees. Tsis txhob khov.

Cov ntaub ntawv siv tshuaj

Ib txwm siv rau tus neeg laus koob tshuaj rau Epilepsy:

Thawj koob tshuaj: 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj rau hnub ib, 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 2 zaug hauv hnub ob, tom qab ntawd 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 3 zaug hauv ib hnub rau hnub peb
Kev saib xyuas koob tshuaj: 300 mus rau 600 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 3 zaug hauv ib hnub
Cov koob tshuaj ntau tshaj: 3600 mg ntawm qhov ncauj txhua hnub (hauv 3 qhov sib faib koob tshuaj)
-Qhov siab tshaj plaws ntawm koob tshuaj hauv 3 zaug hauv ib hnub yuav tsum tsis pub tshaj 12 teev

-Qhov kev nyab xeeb thiab kev ua tau zoo ntawm gabapentin muaj nyob rau hauv lub npe lag luam Gralise lossis Horizant hauv cov neeg mob qaug dab peg tsis tau kawm.

Siv: Adjunctive therapy nyob rau hauv kev kho mob ntawm ib feem pib qaug dab peg, nrog thiab tsis muaj lwm yam generalization

Ib txwm siv rau cov neeg laus koob tshuaj rau Postherpetic Neuralgia:

- Cov koob tshuaj pib: 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj rau hnub ib, 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 2 zaug hauv hnub ob, tom qab ntawd 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 3 zaug hauv ib hnub rau hnub peb
-Titrate raws li xav tau rau kev kho mob
-Cov koob tshuaj ntau tshaj: 1800 mg ib hnub twg (600 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 3 zaug hauv ib hnub)
Gabapentin muaj nyob rau hauv lub npe lag luam Gralise:
-Maintenance koob tshuaj: Gralise yuav tsum tau titrated rau 1800 mg ntawm qhov ncauj ib hnub ib zaug nrog noj hmo.
- Pom zoo lub sij hawm titration:
Hnub 1: 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj nrog noj hmo
Hnub 2: 600 mg ntawm qhov ncauj nrog noj hmo
Hnub 3 txog 6: 900 mg ntawm qhov ncauj nrog noj hmo
Hnub 7 txog 10: 1200 mg ntawm qhov ncauj nrog noj hmo
Hnub 11 txog 14: 1500 mg ntawm qhov ncauj nrog noj hmo
Hnub 15: 1800 mg ntawm qhov ncauj nrog noj hmo
COMMENT:
-Gralise tsis tuaj yeem hloov pauv nrog lwm cov khoom lag luam gabapentin vim muaj qhov sib txawv ntawm cov tshuaj pharmacokinetic uas cuam tshuam rau zaus ntawm kev tswj hwm.

Gabapentin enacarbil ncua cov ntsiav tshuaj muaj nyob rau hauv lub npe lag luam Horizant:
-Cov koob tshuaj pom zoo yog 600 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 2 zaug hauv ib hnub. Kev kho mob yuav tsum tau pib ntawm koob tshuaj 600 mg thaum sawv ntxov rau 3 hnub ntawm kev kho mob, tom qab ntawd nce mus rau 600 mg 2 zaug hauv ib hnub (1200 mg / hnub) rau hnub plaub.
COMMENT:
Gabapentin enacarbil ncua cov ntsiav tshuaj muaj nyob rau hauv lub npe lag luam Horizant thiab gabapentin tsis hloov pauv.

Siv: Postherpetic neuralgia

Ib txwm siv rau cov neeg laus noj rau Restless Legs Syndrome:

vyvanse npaum li cas los ntawm qhov hnyav

Gabapentin enacarbil muaj nyob rau hauv lub npe lag luam Horizant:
600 mg ntawm qhov ncauj ib hnub nrog zaub mov thaum txog 5 teev tsaus ntuj

Siv: Rau kev kho mob ntawm tus mob nruab nrab-rau-mob thawj zaug Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) hauv cov neeg laus

Ib txwm Pediatric Dose rau Epilepsy:

Tsawg dua 3 xyoos: Tsis pom zoo

Ntau dua lossis sib npaug li 3 thiab tsawg dua 12 xyoos:
Pib koob tshuaj: Ntau npaum li cas los ntawm 10 mus rau 15 mg / kg / hnub nyob rau hauv 3 muab faib
Kev Siv Tau Zoo: Tau txais los ntawm kev nce qib titration nyob rau lub sijhawm kwv yees li 3 hnub; Qhov koob tshuaj zoo rau cov neeg mob hnub nyoog 5 xyoos thiab laus dua yog 25 txog 35 mg / kg / hnub hauv cov koob tshuaj sib faib (3 zaug hauv ib hnub). Qhov koob tshuaj zoo rau cov neeg mob menyuam yaus hnub nyoog 3 thiab 4 xyoos yog 40 mg / kg / hnub thiab muab faib ua cov koob tshuaj (3 zaug hauv ib hnub). Gabapentin tuaj yeem siv los ua cov tshuaj hauv qhov ncauj, tshuaj ntsiav, lossis ntsiav tshuaj, lossis siv kev sib xyaw ntawm cov qauv no. Cov koob tshuaj ntau npaum li 50 mg / kg / hnub tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo hauv kev tshawb fawb soj ntsuam ntev. Lub sijhawm ntev tshaj plaws ntawm cov koob tshuaj yuav tsum tsis pub tshaj 12 teev.

Ntau tshaj 12 xyoos:
- Cov koob tshuaj pib: 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj rau hnub ib, 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 2 zaug hauv ib hnub rau hnub ob, tom qab ntawd 300 mg ntawm qhov ncauj 3 zaug hauv ib hnub rau hnub peb
-Maintenance koob tshuaj: 900 mus rau 1800 mg ntawm qhov ncauj hauv 3 koob tshuaj; koob tshuaj tuaj yeem nce mus txog 1800 mg / hnub. Cov koob tshuaj ntau npaum li 2400 mg / hnub tau raug lees paub zoo hauv kev tshawb fawb soj ntsuam mus ntev. Cov koob tshuaj ntawm 3600 mg / hnub kuj tau muab rau cov neeg mob me me rau lub sijhawm luv luv, thiab tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo. Lub sijhawm siab tshaj plaws ntawm koob tshuaj hauv peb zaug hauv ib hnub yuav tsum tsis pub tshaj 12 teev.

Siv: Kev kho mob ntxiv rau hauv kev kho mob ntawm qee qhov pib qaug dab peg, nrog thiab tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam loj rau cov neeg mob hnub nyoog 3 xyoos thiab laus dua

Yuav ua li cas yog tias kuv tsis noj tshuaj?

Noj cov tshuaj kom sai li sai tau, tab sis hla qhov koob tshuaj tsis tau yog tias nws yuav luag sij hawm rau koj cov koob tshuaj ntxiv. Tsis txhob noj ob koob tshuaj ib zaug.

Yog tias koj noj Horizant: Hla lub koob tshuaj uas tsis tau thiab siv koj cov koob tshuaj tom ntej ntawm lub sijhawm. Tsis txhob siv ob koob tshuaj Horizant ib zaug.

Yuav ua li cas yog tias kuv overdose?

Nrhiav kev kho mob xwm txheej ceev lossis hu rau Poison Help line ntawm 1-800-222-1222.

Yuav zam li cas

Tsis txhob tsav tsheb lossis ua haujlwm txaus ntshai kom txog thaum koj paub tias gabapentin yuav cuam tshuam rau koj li cas. Koj qhov kev tshwm sim tuaj yeem cuam tshuam. kiv taub hau lossis qaug zog tuaj yeem ua rau ntog, raug xwm txheej, lossis raug mob hnyav.

Tsis txhob noj tshuaj antacid li ntawm 2 teev ua ntej koj noj gabapentin. Antacids tuaj yeem ua rau nws nyuaj rau koj lub cev kom nqus tau gabapentin.

Tsis txhob haus cawv thaum noj gabapentin.

Gabapentin phiv

Tau txais kev pab kho mob xwm txheej ceev yog tias koj muaj Cov cim qhia ntawm kev ua xua rau gabapentin : khaus khaus ; ua pa nyuaj; o ntawm koj lub ntsej muag, daim di ncauj, tus nplaig, lossis caj pas.

Nrhiav kev kho mob yog tias koj muaj cov tshuaj tiv thaiv mob hnyav uas tuaj yeem cuam tshuam rau ntau qhov chaw ntawm koj lub cev. Cov tsos mob yuav muaj xws li: daim tawv nqaij ua pob , kub taub hau, o, qog nqaij hlav mob, mob hnyav, tsis muaj zog, nqaij tawv nqaij, mob plab, lossis daj ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij lossis ob lub qhov muag.

Tshaj tawm cov tsos mob tshiab lossis tsis zoo rau koj tus kws kho mob, xws li: kev xav lossis kev coj cwj pwm hloov, kev ntxhov siab , ceeb ntshai , teeb meem pw tsaug zog, los yog koj xav tias impulsive, chim siab, ntxhov siab, hostile, txhoj puab heev, nyob tsis tswm, hyperactive (lub hlwb los yog lub cev), kev nyuaj siab, los yog muaj kev xav txog kev tua tus kheej los yog ua phem rau koj tus kheej.

Hu rau koj tus kws kho mob ib zaug yog tias koj muaj:

  • ua pa tsis muaj zog los yog ntiav;

  • xiav-xim tawv nqaij, daim di ncauj, ntiv tes, thiab ntiv taw;

  • tsis meej pem, tsaug zog heev los yog qaug zog;

  • teeb meem nrog kev sib npaug lossis cov leeg nqaij;

  • txawv txav los yog qhov muag tsis pom kev; los yog

  • nce qaug dab peg.

Gabapentin tuaj yeem ua rau muaj teeb meem ua pa nyuaj. Ib tus neeg saib xyuas koj yuav tsum nrhiav kev kho mob xwm txheej ceev yog tias koj ua pa qeeb nrog kev ncua ntev, daim di ncauj xiav, lossis yog tias koj nyuaj rau sawv. Teeb meem ua pa yuav muaj feem ntau dua rau cov neeg laus lossis cov neeg uas muaj COPD.

Qee qhov kev mob tshwm sim feem ntau tshwm sim hauv cov menyuam yaus noj gabapentin. Hu rau koj tus kws kho mob yog tias tus menyuam noj cov tshuaj no muaj cov kev mob tshwm sim hauv qab no:

  • kev hloov ntawm tus cwj pwm;

  • teeb meem nco;

  • teeb meem tsom; los yog

  • ua tsis xis nyob, ua siab mos siab muag, lossis txhoj puab heev.

Cov kev phiv gabapentin feem ntau yuav muaj xws li:

  • ua npaws, ua daus no, mob caj pas, mob lub cev, qaug zog txawv txawv;

  • kev tawm dag zog;

  • mob taub hau;

  • ob lub zeem muag;

  • o ntawm koj ob txhais ceg thiab ko taw;

  • tshee;

  • teeb meem hais lus;

  • kiv taub hau, tsaug zog, nkees;

  • teeb meem nrog kev sib npaug lossis qhov muag txav; los yog

  • xeev siab, ntuav.

Qhov no tsis yog tag nrho cov kev mob tshwm sim thiab lwm yam yuav tshwm sim. Hu rau koj tus kws kho mob kom paub cov lus qhia txog kev mob tshwm sim. Koj tuaj yeem tshaj tawm cov kev mob tshwm sim rau FDA ntawm 1-800-FDA-1088.

Lwm yam tshuaj twg yuav cuam tshuam rau gabapentin?

Kev siv gabapentin nrog lwm cov tshuaj uas ua rau koj tsaug zog lossis ua pa qeeb tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev phom sij txaus ntshai lossis tuag taus. Nug koj tus kws kho mob ua ntej siv tshuaj opioid, tshuaj tsaug zog, tshuaj mob khaub thuas lossis ua xua, tshuaj kho cov leeg nqaij, lossis tshuaj rau kev ntxhov siab lossis qaug dab peg.

Lwm cov tshuaj tuaj yeem cuam tshuam nrog gabapentin, suav nrog cov tshuaj noj thiab tshuaj tom khw, cov vitamins , thiab tshuaj ntsuab . Qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob txog tag nrho koj cov tshuaj tam sim no thiab cov tshuaj uas koj pib lossis tsis siv.

Nrov FAQ

Gabapentin tuaj yeem ua rau qhov hnyav nce, tab sis nws yog qhov tsis tshua muaj tshwm sim. Cov kev tshawb fawb tau pom tias tsawg tus neeg noj gabapentin hnyav nce. Cov neeg uas hnyav hnyav tuaj yeem nce li 5 phaus tom qab siv 6 lub lis piam. Nyeem ntxiv

Cov ntaub ntawv ceeb toom tau pom tias kev tshem tawm gabapentin tuaj yeem siv sijhawm ntev txog 5 hnub lossis ntev dua, tab sis lub sijhawm tsis tau tsim muaj nyob rau hauv tib neeg kev tshawb fawb. Cov tsos mob thiab lawv nyob ntev npaum li cas nyob ntawm seb koj noj tshuaj npaum li cas thiab ntev npaum li cas koj tau noj. Nyeem ntxiv

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv qaug dab peg gabapentin tsis yog tam sim no suav hais tias yog tshuaj yeeb lossis tshuaj tswj hwm los ntawm tsoomfwv, tab sis qee lub xeev tau tsim txoj cai lij choj kom cov tshuaj raug kho raws li ib qho lossis saib xyuas los ntawm lub xeev txoj haujlwm tshuaj xyuas tshuaj. Nyeem ntxiv

Ntau FAQ

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov, khaws cov tshuaj no thiab lwm yam tshuaj kom deb ntawm menyuam yaus, tsis txhob muab koj cov tshuaj rau lwm tus, thiab siv gabapentin nkaus xwb rau cov lus qhia.

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.