Glucotrol

Lub npe dav: glipizide ua (GLIP thiab zide)
Hom Lub Npe: Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL, IB
Chav kawm tshuaj: Sulfonylureas

Glucotrol yog dab tsi?

Glucotrol ( glipizide ua ) yog ib qho tshuaj kho mob ntshav qab zib hauv qhov ncauj uas pab tswj cov ntshav qab zib los ntawm kev pab koj cov txiav ua kua insulin .



Glucotrol yog siv ua ke nrog kev noj haus thiab kev tawm dag zog los txhim kho cov ntshav qab zib hauv cov neeg laus nrog hom 2 ntshav qab zib mellitus .

Glucotrol tsis yog rau kev kho mob mob ntshav qab zib hom 1 .

Ceeb toom

Koj yuav tsum tsis txhob siv Glucotrol yog tias koj muaj mob ntshav qab zib ketoacidosis (hu rau koj tus kws kho mob kom kho).

Ua ntej noj Glucotrol, qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob yog tias koj muaj kab mob raum lossis mob siab, mob raws plab lossis txhaws hauv koj cov hnyuv, qabzib-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD), kab mob ntawm koj cov qog pituitary lossis qog adrenal, keeb kwm ntawm kab mob plawv, los yog koj tsis noj mov.

Ua ntej noj cov tshuaj no

Koj yuav tsum tsis txhob siv Glucotrol yog tias koj ua xua rau glipizide, lossis yog tias koj muaj ntshav qab zib ketoacidosis (hu rau koj tus kws kho mob kom kho).

Qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob yog tias koj puas tau muaj:

  • kab mob siab lossis raum;

  • mob raws plab , los yog ib qho txhaws hauv koj cov hnyuv; los yog

  • ib qho enzyme deficiency hu ua glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD).

Ua raws li koj tus kws kho mob cov lus qhia txog kev siv Glucotrol yog koj cev xeeb tub los yog koj cev xeeb tub. Kev tswj ntshav qab zib yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev thaum cev xeeb tub, thiab muaj ntshav qab zib siab yuav ua rau muaj teeb meem rau leej niam thiab tus menyuam. Txawm li cas los xij, tej zaum koj yuav tsum tsis txhob noj Glucotrol rau lub sijhawm luv ua ntej koj hnub kawg.

Tej zaum nws yuav tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb rau pub niam mis thaum siv cov tshuaj no. Nug koj tus kws kho mob txog kev pheej hmoo.

Kuv yuav tsum noj Glucotrol li cas?

Noj Glucotrol raws nraim li koj tus kws kho mob tau sau tseg. Ua raws li tag nrho cov lus qhia ntawm koj daim ntawv sau tshuaj. Koj tus kws kho mob tej zaum yuav hloov koj cov tshuaj. Tsis txhob noj cov tshuaj no ntau dua lossis tsawg dua lossis ntev dua li kev pom zoo.

Noj cov ntsiav tshuaj li niaj zaus 30 feeb ua ntej koj thawj pluas noj ntawm ib hnub.

Noj Glucotrol XL ncua-tso ntsiav tshuaj nrog koj thawj pluas noj ntawm hnub. Ncua cov ntsiav tshuaj tag nrho thiab tsis txhob zom, zom, lossis ua kom tawg.

Koj cov ntshav qab zib yuav tsum tau kuaj ntau zaus, thiab koj yuav xav tau lwm yam kev kuaj ntshav ntawm koj tus kws kho mob lub chaw haujlwm.

Ntshav qab zib tsawg (hypoglycemia) tuaj yeem tshwm sim rau txhua tus neeg uas muaj ntshav qab zib. Cov tsos mob suav nrog mob taub hau , tshaib plab, tawm hws, chim siab, kiv taub hau , xeev siab , ceev lub plawv dhia , thiab muaj kev ntxhov siab lossis tshee. Txhawm rau kho cov ntshav qab zib kom sai, nco ntsoov khaws cov piam thaj kom nrawm nrog koj xws li kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo, khoom qab zib nyuaj, crackers, raisins, lossis tsis noj cov dej qab zib.

Koj tus kws kho mob tuaj yeem sau tshuaj a glucagon Cov khoom siv txhaj tshuaj thaum muaj xwm ceev siv yog tias koj muaj mob hnyav hypoglycemia thiab tsis tuaj yeem noj lossis haus. Nco ntsoov tias koj tsev neeg thiab cov phooj ywg zoo paub yuav ua li cas muab qhov kev txhaj tshuaj no rau koj thaum muaj xwm txheej ceev.

Kuj saib xyuas cov tsos mob ntawm cov ntshav qab zib siab (hyperglycemia) xws li nqhis dej lossis tso zis ntau ntxiv, qhov muag tsis pom kev, mob taub hau, thiab nkees.

Cov ntshav qab zib tuaj yeem cuam tshuam los ntawm kev ntxhov siab , mob, phais, kev tawm dag zog, haus dej cawv, lossis tsis noj mov. Nug koj tus kws kho mob ua ntej hloov koj cov koob tshuaj lossis sijhawm tshuaj.

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Thaum koj noj Glucotrol XL koj yuav pom qee yam hauv koj cov quav uas zoo li ntsiav tshuaj. Qhov no yog lub plhaub khoob ntawm lub ntsiav tshuaj. Nws yog ib txwm ua rau lub plhaub khoob dhau nrog koj lub plab zom mov tom qab cov tshuaj tau nqus los ntawm koj lub cev.

Khaws ntawm chav tsev kub kom deb ntawm noo noo, cua sov, thiab lub teeb.

Cov ntaub ntawv siv tshuaj

Ib txwm siv rau cov neeg laus koob tshuaj Glucotrol rau ntshav qab zib hom 2:

Kev tso tawm tam sim:
Thawj koob tshuaj: 5 mg ntawm qhov ncauj ib hnub ib zaug, 30 feeb ua ntej noj tshais
Kev noj tshuaj ntau npaum li cas: Txog li 40 mg hauv cov koob tshuaj sib faib 30 feeb ua ntej noj mov ntawm cov ntsiab lus caloric txaus. Cov koob tshuaj tuaj yeem nce ntxiv hauv ntu ntawm 2.5 mus rau 5 mg ib hnub raws li cov ntshav qabzib cov lus teb.
Cov koob tshuaj ntau tshaj ib zaug: 15 mg
Qhov siab tshaj plaws txhua hnub koob tshuaj: 40 mg
Cov lus pom:
- Tsawg kawg ob peb hnub yuav tsum dhau ntawm cov kauj ruam titration.
-Yog tias cov lus teb rau ib koob tshuaj tsis txaus siab, faib cov koob tshuaj ntawd yuav ua pov thawj zoo.

Extended Tso Tawm:
Thawj koob tshuaj: 5 mg ntawm qhov ncauj ib hnub ib zaug, 30 feeb ua ntej noj tshais
Cov koob tshuaj kho mob: 5 mus rau 10 mg ntawm qhov ncauj ib hnub ib zaug
Qhov siab tshaj plaws txhua hnub koob tshuaj: 20 mg
Cov neeg mob tau txais kev tso tawm tam sim ntawd tuaj yeem hloov pauv yam nyab xeeb rau cov ntsiav tshuaj txuas ntxiv ib zaug ib hnub ntawm qhov ze tshaj plaws sib npaug tag nrho cov koob tshuaj txhua hnub, lossis titrate rau qhov tsim nyog ncua kev txhaj tshuaj pib nrog 5 mg ib zaug ib hnub.
Kev siv sib xyaw:
-Thaum ntxiv lwm cov ntshav-qabzib-txo cov tshuaj rau cov ntsiav tshuaj txuas ntxiv, tus neeg sawv cev yuav tsum tau pib ntawm cov tshuaj qis tshaj plaws. Saib xyuas rau hypoglycemia.
-Thaum ntxiv cov ntsiav tshuaj txuas ntxiv mus rau lwm cov tshuaj txo cov ntshav qabzib, Glucotrol XL ncua kev tso tawm tuaj yeem pib ntawm 5 mg. Pib ntawm koob tshuaj tsawg dua hauv cov neeg mob uas muaj kev nkag siab ntau dua rau hypoglycemia.

Thaum hloov cov neeg mob los ntawm insulin mus rau glipizide, cov lus qhia dav dav yuav tsum tau xav txog:
-Rau cov neeg mob txhua hnub insulin koob tshuaj 20 units lossis tsawg dua: txiav cov tshuaj insulin thiab pib glipizide ntawm cov koob tshuaj ib txwm muaj.
-Rau cov neeg mob uas noj cov tshuaj insulin txhua hnub ntau dua 20 units: koob tshuaj insulin yuav tsum raug txo los ntawm 50% thiab kev kho glipizide tuaj yeem pib ntawm cov koob tshuaj ib txwm muaj.
Cov lus pom:
-Ob peb hnub yuav tsum dhau ntawm cov kauj ruam titration.
- Kev txo qis hauv cov koob tshuaj insulin tom qab yuav tsum nyob ntawm tus neeg mob cov lus teb.
- Thaum lub sijhawm tshem tawm cov tshuaj insulin, tus neeg mob yuav tsum kuaj cov zis rau cov piam thaj thiab ketone lub cev tsawg kawg peb zaug ib hnub.
-Qee tus neeg mob tau txais ntau dua 40 units ntawm insulin txhua hnub yuav xav txog kev mus pw hauv tsev kho mob thaum lub sijhawm hloov pauv.

Cov neeg mob tau txais lwm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv qhov ncauj Hypoglycemic:
-Thaum hloov los ntawm ib nrab lub neej ntev sulfonylureas : Saib rau 1 mus rau 2 lub lis piam rau hypoglycemia.
-Glucotrol XL ncua kev tso tawm coadministered nrog colesevelam Glipizide yuav tsum tau noj tsawg kawg 4 teev ua ntej noj cov tshuaj colesevelam.

Siv: Ntxiv rau kev noj haus thiab kev tawm dag zog los txhim kho glycemic tswj hauv cov neeg laus nrog mob ntshav qab zib hom 2 mellitus.

Ib txwm Geriatric Dose ntawm Glucotrol rau Ntshav Qab Zib Hom 2:

Thawj koob tshuaj: 2.5 mg ntawm qhov ncauj ib hnub ib zaug 30 feeb ua ntej noj tshais

Cov lus pom:
-Txoj kev noj tshuaj yuav tsum muaj kev saib xyuas kom tsis txhob muaj cov tshuaj tiv thaiv hypoglycemic.
-Cov koob tshuaj tuaj yeem raug kho nrog ceev faj, suav nrog qib siab ntawm lub raum, lub raum, lossis lub plawv ua haujlwm, thiab cov kab mob sib kis lossis lwm yam tshuaj kho.

Siv: Ntxiv rau kev noj haus thiab kev tawm dag zog los txhim kho glycemic tswj hauv cov neeg laus uas muaj ntshav qab zib hom 2.

Yuav ua li cas yog tias kuv tsis noj tshuaj?

Noj koj cov tshuaj kom sai li sai tau, tab sis tsuas yog tias koj tab tom npaj noj mov. Yog tias koj hla ib pluas mov, hla qhov tsis tau noj thiab tos kom txog thaum koj noj mov tom ntej. Tsis txhob noj ob koob tshuaj ib zaug.

Tau txais koj daim ntawv xaj rov qab ua ntej koj haus cov tshuaj tag.

Yuav ua li cas yog tias kuv overdose?

Nrhiav kev kho mob xwm txheej ceev lossis hu rau Poison Help line ntawm 1-800-222-1222. Kev siv ntau dhau ntawm glipizide tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev phom sij rau lub neej.

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Cov tsos mob ntawm tus mob hypoglycemia muaj xws li qaug zog heev, qhov muag tsis pom kev, tawm hws, teeb meem hais lus, tshee, mob plab, tsis meej pem, thiab qaug dab peg (convulsions).

Yuav zam li cas

Txhob haus cawv. Nws txo cov ntshav qab zib thiab tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev phiv.

Tsis txhob tsav tsheb lossis siv lub tshuab ua haujlwm kom txog thaum koj paub tias glipizide yuav cuam tshuam rau koj li cas.

Glucotrol cov kev phiv

Tau txais kev pab kho mob xwm txheej ceev yog tias koj muaj Cov cim qhia ntawm kev ua xua rau Glucotrol: khaus khaus ; ua tsis taus pa; o ntawm koj lub ntsej muag, daim di ncauj, tus nplaig, lossis caj pas.

Hu rau koj tus kws kho mob ib zaug yog tias koj muaj cov tsos mob ntawm cov ntshav qab zib tsawg:

  • mob taub hau, chim siab

  • tawm hws, lub plawv dhia ceev;

  • kiv taub hau, xeev siab; los yog

  • kev tshaib kev nqhis, ntxhov siab vim lossis tshee.

Cov kev mob tshwm sim ntawm Glucotrol tuaj yeem suav nrog:

Qhov no tsis yog tag nrho cov kev mob tshwm sim thiab lwm yam yuav tshwm sim. Hu rau koj tus kws kho mob kom paub cov lus qhia txog kev mob tshwm sim. Koj tuaj yeem tshaj tawm cov kev mob tshwm sim rau FDA ntawm 1-800-FDA-1088.

Lwm yam tshuaj twg yuav cuam tshuam rau Glucotrol?

Qee zaum nws tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb los siv qee yam tshuaj tib lub sijhawm. Qee cov tshuaj tuaj yeem cuam tshuam koj cov ntshav ntawm lwm cov tshuaj uas koj noj, uas yuav ua rau muaj kev phiv los yog ua rau cov tshuaj tsis zoo.

Ntau cov tshuaj tuaj yeem cuam tshuam nrog glipizide. Qhov no suav nrog cov tshuaj noj thiab tshuaj tom khw muag khoom, cov vitamins , thiab tshuaj ntsuab . Tsis yog txhua qhov kev sib cuam tshuam tau raug teev tseg ntawm no. Qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob txog tag nrho koj cov tshuaj tam sim no thiab cov tshuaj uas koj pib lossis tsis siv.

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov, khaws cov tshuaj no thiab lwm yam tshuaj kom deb ntawm menyuam yaus, tsis txhob muab koj cov tshuaj rau lwm tus, thiab siv Glucotrol nkaus xwb rau cov lus qhia.

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.