Kev tshem tawm tramadol ntev npaum li cas?

Teb chaws

los ntawm tshuaj.com

Cov tsos mob ntawm tramadol Kev rho tawm tuaj yeem pib 8-24 teev tom qab koob tshuaj kawg. Tsis kho, tshem tawm cov tsos mob feem ntau kav li 4-10 hnub. Kev tshem tawm Tramadol yog tshwm sim los ntawm kev tso tseg cov tshuaj tam sim ntawd.

Qhov hnyav ntawm kev tshem tawm tuaj yeem nyob ntawm:



  • Qhov koob tshuaj koj noj
  • Seb koj lub cev nyob ntawm nws

Ua lub cev nyob ntawm cov tshuaj txhais tau tias koj yuav tsum tau noj nws kom tsis txhob muaj cov tsos mob tsis zoo. Lub sij hawm nws yuav siv los txhim kho lub cev dependence nws txawv, nyob ntawm seb qhov ntau npaum li cas thiab tus neeg.

Kev rho tawm ntawm tramadol thiab lwm yam tshuaj opioids tuaj yeem tsis xis nyob. Tapering tawm tramadol tuaj yeem tiv thaiv kev tshem tawm. Cov tsos mob ntawm kev rho tawm tuaj yeem txo qis los ntawm kev rov pib kho opioid thiab tom qab ntawd maj mam txo cov koob tshuaj, lossis tapering. Qhov no yog ua raws li tus kws kho mob saib xyuas.

Cov tsos mob rho tawm

Cov tsos mob ntawm kev tshem tawm tramadol feem ntau zoo li mob khaub thuas thiab feem ntau zoo ib yam li cov tsos mob ntawm kev tshem tawm ntawm lwm cov tshuaj opioid thiab qee cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kev nyuaj siab.

Cov tsos mob ntawm kev tshem tawm tramadol tuaj yeem suav nrog:

  • Kev tsis xis nyob
  • Kev xav tshuaj
  • Kev ntxhov siab
  • hws
  • Insomnia
  • Kev nruj
  • Mob
  • Ntshai
  • Ntshai
  • Mob plab
  • Cov tsos mob ua pa sab saud
  • Goosebumps

Feem ntau cov kev tshem tawm tramadol yog cim los ntawm:

  • Cov tsos mob zoo li mob khaub thuas
  • Kev tsis xis nyob
  • Kev xav tshuaj

Cov tsos mob no muaj txog li 90% ntawm cov neeg mob tramadol tshem tawm.

Cov tsos mob tsis tshua muaj tshwm sim tuaj yeem tshwm sim li ntawm 10% ntawm cov neeg mob thiab suav nrog:

  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Kev ntxhov siab heev
  • Panic tawm tsam
  • Tsis meej pem
  • loog thiab tingling nyob rau hauv extremities

Yooj yim tshem tawm cov tsos mob

Tapering tuaj yeem tiv thaiv lossis txo cov tsos mob ntawm kev tshem tawm.

Tsis muaj lub sijhawm teem sijhawm rau kev txiav tawm tramadol lossis lwm yam tshuaj opioids, yog li ua haujlwm nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom los nrog ib tus kheej txoj kev npaj.

Tej zaum koj yuav muaj peev xwm txo tau tramadol sai dua yog tias koj tau noj cov tshuaj rau lub sijhawm luv. Ib tug neeg uas tau noj tramadol rau lub sijhawm ntev dua yuav tsis zam lub sijhawm luv luv thiab.

Thaum tsim ib lub sij hawm tapering, qee yam tseem ceeb suav nrog:

  • Cov tshuaj noj tau noj
  • Ntev npaum li cas koj tau noj tshuaj
  • Hom mob uas raug kho
  • Koj lub cev thiab kev puas siab puas ntsws

Thaum lub sij hawm tapering lub sij hawm, koj yuav hnov ​​​​mob ntau ntxiv los yog cov tsos mob tshem tawm hnyav vim tias cov tshuaj txo qis.

Hauv cov xwm txheej no:

  • Tej zaum koj yuav tsum tau ncua lub sij hawm tapering rau lub sijhawm.
  • Koj tus kws kho mob yuav sau cov tshuaj ntawm koj cov koob tshuaj yav dhau los. Tom qab ntawd koj yuav pib dua nrog lub sijhawm qeeb qeeb thiab maj mam ntxiv.

Kev noj ntau dhau

Kev siv tshuaj ntau dhau ntawm Tramadol tuaj yeem tshwm sim yog tias koj noj ntau dua li cov tshuaj pom zoo. Tsis tas li ntawd, zom, zom lossis faib cov ntsiav tshuaj tramadol tuaj yeem hloov pauv qhov ntau npaum li cas thiab xa tawm, thiab ua rau muaj qhov tshwm sim ntau dhau.

Cov tsos mob ntawm overdose muaj xws li:

  • qaug zog
  • Ntshai
  • tachycardia
  • Kev ntxhov siab
  • Ntshav siab
  • Ua pa nyuaj siab
  • qaug dab peg
  • Nrog rau

Thaum lub sij hawm tapering lub sij hawm, koj yuav muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm overdose yog tias koj mam li nco dheev rov pib noj ntau dua.

Naloxone tuaj yeem siv los kho tus mob opioid overdose.

Tramadol kev vam khom

Tramadol yog tshuaj los tswj qhov mob nruab nrab mus rau hnyav. Txawm hais tias tramadol yog ib qho tshuaj opioid, nws tau pom tias tsis muaj zog dua li lwm cov tshuaj opioids, xws li morphine. Tramadol yog kwv yees li 6,000-fold tsis muaj zog dua li morphine.

Tramadol tau xav tias muaj peev xwm qis rau kev vam khom, tab sis kev siv ntev ntev ua rau muaj kev vam meej dua. Cov neeg uas muaj keeb kwm ntawm kev quav tshuaj yeeb tshuaj kuj muaj feem ntau ua rau tramadol.

Cov ntaub ntawv
  1. World Health Organization (WHO). Cov Lus Qhia Hauv Tsev Kho Mob rau Kev Tswj Nyiaj Them Nqi thiab Kev Kho Mob ntawm Cov Tshuaj Dependence hauv Kaw Chaw. 2009. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.who.int/hiv/topics/idu/prisons/clinical_guidelines_close_setting_wpro.pdf . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].
  2. Drug Enforcement Administration . TRAMADOL. Lub Peb Hlis 2020. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/tramadol.pdf . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].
  3. Australian Department of Health. Cov txheej txheem kho mob thiab cov txheej txheem rau kev siv tshuaj methadone hauv kev kho mob ntawm opioid dependence. Lub Yim Hli 2003. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www1.health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/drugtreat-pubs-meth-toc . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].
  4. World Health Organization (WHO). Cov lus qhia rau Psychosocially Assisted Pharmacological Treatment of Opioid Dependence. 2009. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/Opioid_dependence_guidelines.pdf . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].
  5. MedlinePlus. Opiate thiab tshem tawm opioid. Lub Tsib Hlis 5, 2020. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000949.htm . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].
  6. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) . Daim Ntawv Qhia Cov Lus Qhia rau Tramadol Hydrochloride ncua-tso tshuaj ntsiav. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2010/022370s000lbl.pdf . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].
  7. Kev Ua Phem Txhaum Cai thiab Kev Pabcuam Kev Puas Siab Puas Ntsws (SAMHSA). Lub chaw saib xyuas xwm txheej kub ntxhov mus ntsib cov kev tsis zoo uas cuam tshuam nrog cov tshuaj tramadol. Lub Tsib Hlis 14, 2015. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/report_1965/ShortReport-1965.html . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].
  8. Lub Chaw Tiv Thaiv thiab Tiv Thaiv Kab Mob (CDC). Phau Ntawv Qhia Pocket: Tapering Opioids rau Mob Mob. Lub Tsib Hlis 11, 2020. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/Clinical_Pocket_Guide_Tapering-a.pdf . [Tau Txais Lub Kaum Hli 2, 2020].
  9. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FDA txheeb xyuas qhov mob tshwm sim los ntawm kev txiav txim siab sai sai ntawm cov tshuaj kho mob opioid thiab yuav tsum tau hloov daim ntawv lo qhia cov kws kho mob ntawm cov tshuaj maj mam, ib tus zuj zus. Plaub Hlis 9, 2019. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-safety-and-availability/fda-identifies-harm-reported-sudden-discontinuation-opioid-pain-medicines-and-requires-label-changes . [Tau Txais Lub Kaum Hli 2, 2020].
  10. Lub Koom Haum Ntiaj Teb Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv (WHO) . Daim ntawv ceeb toom tseem ceeb: Tramadol. Kaum Ib Hlis, 2018. Muaj nyob ntawm: https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/Tramadol.pdf?ua=1 . [Tau Txais Lub Cuaj Hli 15, 2020].

Cov Lus Nug Txog Kev Kho Mob

Cov Ntaub Ntawv Tshuaj

Cov pab pawg txhawb nqa ntsig txog

  • Tramadol (463 nqe lus nug, 2575 cov tswv cuab)