Leg Strain

Leg Strain yog dab tsi?

Harvard Health Publishing

Cov nqaij ntshiv yog ib qho ncab lossis tsim kua muag ntawm cov leeg nqaij. Hauv cov ceg, cov leeg nqaij tshwm sim thaum cov leeg nqaij yog stretched tshaj nws cov kev txwv los yog yuam mus rau hauv heev contraction. Vim tias txhais ceg muaj ntau cov leeg sib txawv, nws yog qhov yooj yim rau ntau hom nqaij leeg. Qee qhov ntau tshaj plaws yog:



    Calf nqaij strain (gastrocnemius strain). Cov nqaij calf feem ntau tau strained thaum ko taw dheev khoov upwards, ncab cov nqaij calf tshaj nws cov kev txwv. Thaum lub sijhawm raug mob, koj tuaj yeem hnov ​​​​lossis hnov ​​​​mob hauv koj tus menyuam nyuj - lub suab ntawm cov leeg nqaij tearing lossis shearing tawm ntawm Achilles leeg. Calf nqaij leeg muaj ntau nyob rau hauv cov neeg ncaws pob, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov ntaus pob tesniv thiab joggers. Txawm li cas los xij, lawv kuj tuaj yeem tshwm sim thaum taug kev yooj yim, yog tias koj txhais ko taw nce siab thaum koj nqis mus rau hauv lub qhov ntawm txoj kev taug kev lossis yog tias koj pob taws poob ntawm ntug kev. Plantar strain.Lub plantaris yog ib qho nqaij nyias uas pib ntawm qhov kawg ntawm lub femur (cov pob txha loj ntawm sab sauv ceg), ncab hla lub hauv caug sib koom tes thiab txuas mus rau sab nraub qaum ntawm pob taws nrog rau Achilles tendon. Vim tias cov nroj tsuag tsis muaj zog ntau hauv kev khoov lub hauv caug, lub kua muag hauv cov leeg no yuav tsis cuam tshuam rau koj lub hauv caug ua haujlwm. Txawm li cas los xij, mob hnyav plantaris tuaj yeem ua rau mob hnyav, feem ntau nyob rau sab nraub qaum ntawm koj tus nyuj es tsis nyob ze ntawm lub hauv caug. Ib hom kab mob plantaris tuaj yeem tshwm sim ib leeg lossis nrog rau cov kab mob gastrocnemius los yog lub kua muag ntawm lub anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), ib qho loj, stabilizing ligament hauv lub hauv caug. Hamstring strain (rub hamstring).Hamstrings yog cov nqaij leeg ntev uas txuas mus rau sab nraub qaum. Vim tias hamstrings ua haujlwm rub rov qab txhais ceg thiab khoov lub hauv caug, lawv tuaj yeem raug mob thaum khiav, ncaws lossis dhia. Koj tuaj yeem hnov ​​​​qhov pop, feem ntau tom qab ntawm tus ncej puab, thaum cov leeg kua muag. Quadriceps strain.Lub quadriceps yog ib pawg loj ntawm cov leeg nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej ntawm tus ncej puab uas ncaj tawm lub hauv caug, qhov kev tawm tsam ntawm cov leeg nqaij. Quadriceps strain yog ib qho kev raug mob hauv cov neeg khiav dej num. Txawm li cas los xij, nws kuj tseem tuaj yeem tshwm sim thaum lub sij hawm muaj zog ceg tawv ntawm lub gym. Qhov mob ntawm quadriceps strain yog hnov ​​nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej ntawm tus ncej puab. Cov kab mob yuav raug piav raws li lub puab tsaig rub yog tias lub kua muag siab nyob rau hauv cov leeg.

Txhawm rau ua kom yooj yim rau kev kuaj mob thiab kev kho mob, cov kws kho mob feem ntau faib cov leeg nqaij mus rau hauv peb qib sib txawv, nyob ntawm qhov hnyav ntawm cov leeg nqaij puas.



    Qib I.Tsuas yog ob peb leeg nqaij leeg tau ncab los yog torn, yog li cov leeg mob me me thiab mob, tab sis cov leeg nqaij yog qhov qub. Qib II.Cov nqaij fibers ntau dua yog torn, yog li ntawd muaj mob hnyav thiab rhiab heev, nrog rau qhov mob me me, pom tsis muaj zog thiab qee zaum nqaij tawv (hu ua ecchymosis). Qib III.Cov leeg ua kua muag tas li. Los yog nws rips rau hauv ob daim nyias nyias los yog lub cev nqaij daim tawv tawg tawm ntawm cov leeg. Qib III cov leeg nqaij yog cov raug mob hnyav uas ua rau cov leeg tsis muaj zog, nrog rau qhov mob hnyav, o, rhiab thiab tawg. Qib III hom kab mob kuj ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam ntawm cov leeg nqaij ib txwm, feem ntau ua rau pom pom tseeb los yog qhov sib txawv hauv qab ntawm daim tawv nqaij uas cov nqaij ripped tau sib nrug.

Leg Strain

Cov tsos mob

Cov tsos mob ntawm cov leeg nqaij strained tuaj yeem suav nrog:



  • Mob nqaij thiab rhiab, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tom qab ib qho kev ua si uas ncab los yog ua phem rau cov leeg. Kev mob feem ntau nce thaum koj txav mus rau cov leeg, tab sis nws yog relieved los ntawm so.
  • Cov leeg nqaij o hauv zos, xim dub thiab xiav discoloration los yog ob qho tib si
  • Txawm hais tias qhov txo qis hauv cov leeg nqaij lossis (hauv Qib III hom) ua tiav cov leeg ua haujlwm
  • Taug kev nyuaj
  • Ib qho pop hauv cov leeg thaum lub sijhawm raug mob
  • Qhov sib txawv, dents lossis lwm yam tsis xws luag hauv cov txheej txheem ntawm cov leeg nqaij (Qib III hom)

Kev kuaj mob

Koj tus kws kho mob yuav xav paub seb qhov kev ua ub ua no ua rau koj ob txhais ceg mob thiab seb puas muaj ib qho pop hauv cov leeg thaum koj raug mob. Tus kws kho mob tseem yuav nug txog koj cov tsos mob, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov leeg nqaij tsis muaj zog lossis taug kev nyuaj.

Txhawm rau kom paub meej qhov kev kuaj mob, tus kws kho mob yuav tshuaj xyuas koj. Yog tias qhov txiaj ntsig ntawm koj qhov kev kuaj mob taw qhia rau Qib I lossis II cov leeg nqaij, tej zaum koj yuav tsis xav tau kev kuaj ntxiv. Txawm li cas los xij, yog tias qhov kev kuaj mob tsis txaus ntseeg, X-rays lossis cov duab sib nqus resonance scan yuav tsim nyog. Tsis tas li ntawd, nyob rau hauv cov leeg nqaij leeg raug mob, Doppler kev tshawb fawb yuav ua tau los kuaj xyuas cov ntshav txhaws.

Lub sijhawm xav tau

Feem ntau cov kab mob Qib I lossis Qib II pib zoo dua li ob peb hnub. Feem ntau, cov tsos mob tau ploj mus tag nrho, lossis zoo heev, tsis pub dhau 8 mus rau 10 lub lis piam. Cov tsos mob ntawm Qib III strain yuav kav mus txog rau thaum cov leeg nqaij torn kho.



Kev tiv thaiv

Txhawm rau pab tiv thaiv cov leeg nqaij hauv koj ob txhais ceg, koj tuaj yeem:

  • Ua kom sov ua ntej koj koom nrog cov kis las uas muaj kev pheej hmoo siab.
  • Ua raws li ib qho kev tawm dag zog uas tsom rau kev ncab thiab ntxiv dag zog rau koj cov leeg nqaij.
  • Ua kom qhov kev siv zog ntawm koj qhov kev cob qhia maj mam. Tsis txhob thawb koj tus kheej ntau dhau, sai sai.

Kev kho mob

Yog tias koj muaj Qib I lossis Qib II, koj tus kws kho mob yuav pom zoo kom koj ua raws li RICE txoj cai:

  • So kom cov leeg raug mob (so ib ntus los ntawm kev ua kis las).
  • Muab dej khov rau qhov chaw raug mob kom txo tau qhov o.
  • Compress cov leeg nrog ib daim ntaub elastic.
  • Nqa cov ceg raug mob.

Tsis tas li ntawd, koj tuaj yeem noj cov tshuaj nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID), xws liibuprofen(Advil, Motrin thiab lwm lub npe) lossisnaproxen ua(Aleve,Naprosynthiab lwm yam), kom yooj yim mob thiab txo qhov o. Raws li qhov mob maj mam txo qis, koj tus kws kho mob yuav pom zoo kom muaj kev kho mob kom rov zoo li qub ntawm koj txhais ceg thiab maj mam ntxiv dag zog rau cov leeg mob.

Yog tias koj muaj Qib II, koj yuav tsum tau soj ntsuam los ntawm tus kws kho mob tshwj xeeb, xws li orthopedist. Txhawm rau kom cov leeg raug mob los kho, koj yuav tsum tau hnav lub brace lossis nrum rau ntau lub lis piam.

Yog tias koj muaj qib III hauv koj txhais ceg, cov leeg nqaij torn yuav tsum tau kho los ntawm tus kws kho mob orthopedic. Ib qho tshwj xeeb yog Qib III plantaris hom, uas feem ntau yog kho yam tsis muaj kev phais.

Thaum Hu Rau Tus Kws Tshaj Lij

Hu rau koj tus kws kho mob sai yog tias:

  • Koj hnov ​​​​lossis hnov ​​​​pob hauv koj cov leeg nqaij thaum lub sijhawm raug mob
  • Koj muaj mob hnyav, o los yog tawg ntawm cov leeg mob
  • Koj txhais ceg raug mob yog pom tseeb tsis muaj zog piv rau koj txhais ceg tsis raug mob
  • Koj muaj teeb meem taug kev
  • Koj muaj cov tsos mob me me uas tsis zoo tom qab 48 teev

Kev kwv yees

Qhov kev pom zoo nyob ntawm qhov chaw thiab qhov hnyav ntawm cov leeg nqaij. Feem ntau, yuav luag txhua hom Qib I kho tsis pub dhau ob peb lub lis piam. Qib II hom kab mob yuav siv sij hawm ob mus rau peb lub hlis. Tom qab kev phais kho mob qib III, cov neeg feem coob rov ua haujlwm zoo li qub tom qab ob peb lub hlis ntawm kev kho mob.

Cov peev txheej sab nraud

National Institute of Arthritis thiab Musculoskeletal thiab Kab Mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij
National Institutes of Health
http://www.niams.nih.gov/

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/

National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC)
http://www.naric.com/

American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS)
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/

National Athletic Trainers' Association
http://www.nata.org/

American Physical Therapy Association
http://www.apta.org/

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.