Zaub xam lav

Lub npe scientific: Lactuca sativa var capitata L. (lub vaj lettuce).
Hom Lub Npe: Acrid lettuce, Garden lettuce, German lactucarium, Greater prickly lettuce, Ntsuab endive, lettuce opium, muaj zog-scented lettuce, qus lettuce

Clinical Overview

Siv

Lettuce opium tau siv los ua tshuaj tua kab mob, ua cov tshuaj pej xeem los kho ntau yam mob, thiab ua cov tshuaj narcotic hloov lossis txhim kho. Nws kuj yog ib qho me me sedative thiab hypnotic. Muaj pov thawj me me los txhawb nws txoj kev siv rau ib qho kev qhia.



Dosing

Tsis muaj cov pov thawj kho mob tsis ntev los no los txhawb cov lus pom zoo tshwj xeeb.

etodolac 400 mg tab

Contraindications

Contraindications tseem tsis tau pom.

Cev xeeb tub/Lactation

Cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev nyab xeeb thiab kev ua tau zoo hauv cev xeeb tub thiab lactation tsis muaj.

Kev sib tham

Tsis muaj ntaub ntawv zoo.

Kev Phem Tsis Zoo

Lettuce opium muaj sesquiterpene lactones; yog li ntawd, qhov ncauj noj tej zaum yuav txuam nrog kev tsis haum tshuaj.

Toxicology

Kev txhaj tshuaj ntawm cov tshuaj tua kab qus thiab valerian hauv paus tau cuam tshuam nrog kev kub taub hau, ua daus no, mob plab, mob plab thiab nraub qaum, caj dab txhav, mob taub hau, leucocytosis, thiab mob siab ua haujlwm tsis zoo hauv 3 cov tub ntxhais hluas.

Tsev Neeg Science

  • Asteraceae (daisy)

Botany

Widely cultivated, lettuce paj los ntawm Lub Xya hli ntuj mus rau lub Cuaj Hli. Qhov no biennial tshuaj ntsuab hlob mus rau 1.8 m. Cov nplooj loj tuaj yeem ncav cuag qhov ntev ntawm 0.46 m. Cov stalks yog nplua nuj nyob rau hauv ib tug milky-dawb SAP uas ntws dawb do thaum lub stems tawg. USDA 2016

Keeb kwm

Lettuce opium tau siv nyob rau hauv pej xeem cov tshuaj rau kev qhia xws li kev pab ncig mus rau kev kho mob ntawm qhov chaw mos. Nyob rau hauv cov teb chaws Europe, nws yog siv los ua ib qho kev hloov rau opium nyob rau hauv hnoos sib tov. Lewis 1977 Hauv homeopathy, tincture tau siv rau laryngitis, bronchitis, hawb pob, hnoos, thiab kab mob urinary. Schauenberg 1977 Cov kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntawm cov qia npog yields ib qho tshuaj ntsuab extract hu ua thridace, kev siv thiab kev ua tau zoo uas yog dav sib cav. Tu siab xyoo 1971

Hauv Suav tshuaj, kev npaj lettuce tau siv dav. Cov kua txiv hmab txiv ntoo qhuav tau raug pom zoo ua cov tshuaj tua kab mob hauv lub qhov txhab, thiab cov noob tau siv los ua galactogogue (kom nce cov kua mis hauv cov niam laus). Nws tau raug lees paub tias cov paj thiab cov noob muaj txiaj ntsig zoo hauv kev txo qhov kub taub hau. Brown xyoo 1977 Lettuce opium cov khoom lag luam tau ua lag luam raws li kev cai lij choj siab lossis kev hloov tshuaj narcotic npaj los haus luam yeeb ib leeg lossis ua ke nrog tshuaj maj los txhim kho potency thiab tsw. Huang xyoo 1982 Nws cov yeeb tshuaj thiab cov tshuaj sedative zoo li ntau raws li cov lus tseeb tshaj qhov tseeb.

kuv puas tuaj yeem tau txais tshuaj tua kab mob hla lub txee

Chemistry

Qee qhov tsis meej pem tshwm sim hais txog lub npe ntawm cov khoom lag luam los ntawm L. virosa thiab lwm yam nroj tsuag. Flowering lettuce nroj tsuag muaj ib tug loj npaum li cas ntawm ib tug milky-dawb SAP, uas muaj ib tug iab saj thiab muaj zog opiate zoo li tsw. Thaum cov kua txiv tau sau thiab raug rau huab cua, nws hloov xim brownish. Cov tshuaj no yog hu ua lactucarium, ib qho sib xyaw ntawm cov khoom sib xyaw ua ke uas cov khoom siv tshuaj lom neeg ntawm cov khoom tau raug sau tseg. Lactucarium tau tshaj tawm tias muaj kwv yees li 0.2% lactucin, sesquiterpinoid lactone. Tsis tas li ntawd, qhov sib tov muaj cov roj tsis hloov pauv, caoutchouc, mannitol, thiab lactucerol (taraxasterol) (kwv yees li 50%). Lactucerin, kuj pom muaj nyob rau hauv latex, yog acetyl derivative ntawm taraxasterol, ib tug dav faib triterpene. Xyoo 1973 , Brown xyoo 1977

Cov ntawv ceeb toom tias lactucarium muaj hyoscyamine tau raug lees paub. Willaman xyoo 1970 Ib daim ntawv qhia tias L. virosa muaj N-methyl-beta-phenylethylamine Marquardt xyoo 1976 kuj tau refuted. Huang xyoo 1982

Siv thiab Pharmacology

Cov teebmeem Hallucinogenic

Ntau yam kev cai lij choj, hloov pauv 'hallucinogenic' cov khoom uas muaj lettuce opium tau muaj nyob rau hauv khw. Cov npe ntawm cov khoom lag luam xws li Lettuce, Dub Kub, Lettucene, Lettuce Hash, thiab Lopium. Cov khoom lag luam no muaj cov khoom lag luam lettuce derivative los yog lactucarium thiab haus luam yeeb hauv cov kav dej lossis cua sov hauv cov tais me me, thiab cov vapors yog nqus tau. Cov extracts no qee zaum ua ke nrog Damiana distillates, African yohimbe bark, lossis catnip distillates.

Tsiaj ntaub ntawv

Kev tshawb fawb qhia tsis muaj tsiaj cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev siv lettuce opium rau cov teebmeem hallucinogenic.

Cov ntaub ntawv kho mob

Cov nyhuv hallucinogenic feem ntau yog me me thiab zoo nkaus li muaj feem xyuam rau qib ntawm cov neeg siv kev cia siab. Tsis muaj lub hauv paus kws tshuaj rau qhov pom tau tias muaj txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm lettuce opium.

Lwm yam kev siv

Lettuce nplooj luam yeeb tau ua lag luam raws li kev hloov luam yeeb tsis muaj nicotine. Kev them nyiaj yug rau cov kev xaiv zoo li no tau hloov pauv vim qhov kev lees paub qeeb ntawm qhov tshwj xeeb tsw thiab tsis muaj nicotine-induced kick.

Phytochemical thiab lom tshuaj ntsuam xyuas ntawm ntau hom Lactuca qhia tau hais tias cov genus tsis muaj cov tshuaj tua kab mob, kev ua haujlwm me me, thiab tuaj yeem ua rau tag nrho cov teebmeem CNS hauv cov nas. Xyoo 1971 , Xyoo 1972 Txawm li cas los xij, Lactuca hom muaj kev tiv thaiv kab mob, kab mob, thiab fungi (Bremia lactucae). Chupeau 1994

Thaum lactucin thiab lactucopicrin tau tshaj tawm tias muaj kev nyuaj siab thiab kev ua haujlwm sedative ntawm CNS, cov tshuaj no tsis ruaj khov; kev lag luam lactucarium muaj tsawg, yog tias muaj, ntawm cov no. Tyler 1987 Latex ntawm L. sativa tau pom tias inhibit qhov kev loj hlob ntawm Candida albicans hauv vitro. Moulin-Traffort 1990 Extracts ntawm L. sativa ua rau hypotension thaum muab rau dev. Huang xyoo 1982

Dosing

Tsis muaj cov pov thawj kho mob tsis ntev los no los txhawb cov lus pom zoo tshwj xeeb.

Cev xeeb tub / lactation

Cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev nyab xeeb thiab kev ua tau zoo hauv cev xeeb tub thiab lactation tsis muaj.

vitamin b complex cov

Kev sib tham

Tsis muaj ntaub ntawv zoo.

Kev Phem Tsis Zoo

Cov ntaub ntawv xov xwm tsis muaj; Txawm li cas los xij, muaj kev sib koom ua ke ntawm kev noj lettuce thiab cov tshuaj tiv thaiv qhov ncauj hauv zos. Bernton Xyoo 1974

Toxicology

Cov ntawv ceeb toom ntawm mydriasis, kiv taub hau, ntxhov siab vim, tso zis tso zis, tsis muaj suab nrov hauv plab, thiab kev ua siab ntev tshaj tawm tau tshaj tawm. Ib qho anticholinergic mechanism yog qhia. Mullins xyoo 1998 Kev tuag hauv cov dev tau tshaj tawm tom qab kev tswj hwm txoj hlab ntshav. Xyoo 2009 , Mullins xyoo 1998

Cov ntaub ntawv

Bachelor FW, Ito S. Kev hloov kho ntawm sterochemistry ntawm lactucin. Can J Chem . Xyoo 1973; 51: 3626. Bernton HS. Qhov ncauj ua xua tom qab noj lettuce. HMOOB , Xyoo 1974; 230: 613. Besharat S, Besharat M, Jabbari A. Zaub xam lav ( Zaub xam lav ) toxicity. BMJ Case Rep . 2009;2009.2168692010.1136/bcr.06.2008.0134 Bhakuni DS, Dhar ML, Dhar MM, Dhawan BN, Gupta B, Srimal RC. Kev tshuaj xyuas cov nroj tsuag Indian rau kev ua haujlwm lom neeg. Indian J Exp Biol . 1971; 9:91-102.5089325 Brown JK, Malone MH. Txoj cai highs-cov khoom xyaw, kev ua ub no, toxicology thiab herbal folklore. Pacific Information Service on Street Drugs . Xyoo 1977; 5:36. Chupeau MC, Maisonneuve B, Bellec Y, Chupeau Y. A Lactuca universal hybridizer, thiab nws siv hauv kev tsim cov fertile interspecific somatic hybrids. Mol Genet . 1994; 245:139-145.7816020 Fong HH, Farnsworth NR, Henry LK, Svoboda GH, Yates MJ. Kev tshuaj ntsuam xyuas bio thiab phytochemical ntawm cov nroj tsuag. X. Kev xeem tau los ntawm qhov thib peb ob puas nkag mus. Lloydia . 1972; 35:35-48.5037480 Tu Siab MA. Niaj hnub nimno tshuaj ntsuab . New York, NY: Dover Publications; 1971. Huang ZJ, Kinghorn AD, Farnsworth NR. Kev tshawb fawb txog tshuaj ntsuab tshuaj ntsuab I: kev tshuaj xyuas ntawm kev npaj haus luam yeeb tshuaj ntsuab uas tau liam tias muaj cov lettuce ( Lettuce sativa L.) thiab lwm yam khoom ntuj tsim. J Pharm Sci . 1982; 71:270-271.7062258 Zaub xam lav USDA, NRCS. 2016. PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, Cuaj hlis 2016). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Nkag mus rau lub Cuaj Hlis 2016. Lewis WH. Kev kho mob Botany . New York, NY: J. Wiley thiab Tub; 1977. Marquardt P, Classen HG, Schumacher KA. N-Methylphenethylamine, ib qho tsis ncaj sympathicomimetic tus neeg sawv cev hauv zaub. Kev Tshawb Fawb Tshuaj . 1976; 26: 2001-2003.1037233 Moulin-Traffort J, Giordani R, Regli P. Antifungal kev txiav txim ntawm latex saps los ntawm Lettuce sativa L. thiab Asclepias curassavica L. Cov kab mob fungal . 1990; 33: 383-392.2090937 Mullins ME, Horowitz BZ. Cov ntaub ntawv ntawm cov zaub xam lav tua: txhaj tshuaj tua kab mob qus lettuce extract. Vet Hum Toxicol . 1998; 40: 290-291.9778767 Schauenberg P, Paris F. Phau Ntawv Qhia Txog Tshuaj Nroj Tsuag . New Canaan, CT: Keats Publishing; 1977. Tyler VE. Tus Tshiab Honest Herbal . Philadelphia, PA: G.F. Stickley Co.; 1987. Willaman JJ, Li HL. Kev tshuaj xyuas cov nroj tsuag rau kev ua haujlwm antitumor. II. Ib qho kev sib piv ntawm ob txoj hauv kev ua piv txwv cov nroj tsuag herbaceous. Lloydia . 1970; 33(1): 1-6.5520302

Tsis lees paub

Cov ntaub ntawv no muaj feem xyuam rau tshuaj ntsuab, vitamin, ntxhia los yog lwm yam kev noj haus ntxiv. Cov khoom no tsis tau raug tshuaj xyuas los ntawm FDA los txiav txim seb nws puas muaj kev nyab xeeb lossis siv tau thiab tsis raug raws li cov qauv zoo thiab cov qauv sau cov ntaub ntawv kev nyab xeeb uas siv tau rau feem ntau cov tshuaj. Cov ntaub ntawv no yuav tsum tsis txhob siv los txiav txim siab seb puas yuav coj cov khoom no. Cov ntaub ntawv no tsis pom zoo rau cov khoom no tias muaj kev nyab xeeb, muaj txiaj ntsig, lossis pom zoo rau kev kho tus neeg mob lossis kev noj qab haus huv. Qhov no tsuas yog cov ntsiab lus luv luv ntawm cov ntaub ntawv dav dav txog cov khoom no. Nws tsis suav nrog tag nrho cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev siv tau, cov lus qhia, ceeb toom, kev ceev faj, kev cuam tshuam, kev tsis zoo, lossis kev pheej hmoo uas yuav siv tau rau cov khoom no. Cov ntaub ntawv no tsis yog cov lus qhia tshwj xeeb rau kev kho mob thiab tsis hloov cov ntaub ntawv koj tau txais los ntawm koj tus kws kho mob. Koj yuav tsum tham nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej txog cov kev pheej hmoo thiab cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev siv cov khoom no.

Cov khoom no tuaj yeem cuam tshuam tsis zoo rau qee yam kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev kho mob, lwm yam tshuaj thiab tshuaj tom khw muag khoom, khoom noj, lossis lwm yam tshuaj noj. Cov khoom no yuav tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb thaum siv ua ntej kev phais lossis lwm yam kev kho mob. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom qhia tag nrho koj tus kws kho mob txog tshuaj ntsuab, vitamins, minerals lossis lwm yam tshuaj uas koj noj ua ntej txhua yam kev phais lossis kev kho mob. Nrog rau kev zam ntawm qee yam khoom uas feem ntau lees paub tias muaj kev nyab xeeb nyob rau hauv ib txwm muaj, suav nrog kev siv cov tshuaj folic acid thiab cov vitamins thaum cev xeeb tub, cov khoom no tsis tau kawm txaus los txiav txim siab seb nws puas muaj kev nyab xeeb siv thaum cev xeeb tub lossis laus lossis cov neeg hluas. muaj hnub nyoog tshaj 2 xyoos.

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub tseeb tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.