LSD

Lub Npe Tom ntej: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)
Cov npe los yog txoj kev : LSD raug muag nyob rau hauv ntau tshaj 80 lub npe xws li Acid, Blotter, acid, Doses, Dots, Trips, Mellow Yellow, Window Pane, nrog rau cov npe uas muaj kev cuam tshuam cov qauv ntawm cov nplooj ntawv blotter (piv txwv li, 'liab zaj' ).

LSD yog dab tsi?

LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), thawj zaug tsim nyob rau hauv 1938, yog ib qho muaj zog heev hallucinogen. Nws yog synthetically tsim los ntawm lysergic acid, uas muaj nyob rau hauv ergot, ib tug fungus uas loj hlob ntawm rye thiab lwm yam nplej. Nws muaj zog heev nws cov koob tshuaj zoo li nyob rau hauv microgram (mcg) ntau. Nws yog cov teebmeem, feem ntau hu ua 'trip', tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev lom zem, zoo siab, thiab hloov siab los yog tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev tsis txaus siab, qee zaum txaus ntshai uas hu ua 'kev mus los tsis zoo.'

Hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas, LSD yog txhaum cai thiab raug cais los ntawm Lub Chaw Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Tshuaj (DEA) ua Teem caij 1 tshuaj , txhais tau tias LSD muaj peev xwm ua rau muaj kev tsim txom, tsis tau txais kev kho mob tam sim no, thiab tsis muaj kev lees paub kev nyab xeeb rau kev siv raws li kev saib xyuas kho mob. Txawm li cas los xij, txawm tias yog Schedule 1 cov khoom, tau muaj kev xav rov qab los ntawm kev siv tshuaj kho mob rau LSD, xws li kev kho dej cawv thiab kev nyuaj siab. Cov kev tshawb fawb uas ua raws li cov qauv kev tshawb fawb niaj hnub tam sim no tab tom ua haujlwm uas yuav ntxiv dag zog rau peb txoj kev paub txog kev siv LSD.



LSD yog tsim nyob rau hauv crystalline daim ntawv thiab ces tov nrog lwm yam inactive khoom xyaw, los yog diluted raws li ib tug kua rau zus tau tej cov ntaub ntawv ingestible. Nws yog odorless, tsis muaj xim thiab muaj ib tug me ntsis iab saj.

nco 1/35

LSD feem ntau pom ntawm txoj kev hauv ntau hom, piv txwv li:

  • daim ntawv blotter (LSD tsau rau hauv cov nplooj ntawv ntawm cov ntawv nqus dej nrog cov yeeb yuj tsim; txiav rau hauv me me, ib tus neeg noj ntau npaum li cas) - daim ntawv feem ntau
  • nyias squares ntawm gelatin (feem ntau hu ua qhov rais panes)
  • ntsiav tshuaj daim ntawv (feem ntau yog cov ntsiav tshuaj me me hu ua Microdots) lossis tshuaj ntsiav
  • kua ntawm qab zib cubs
  • Daim ntawv ua kua ntshiab (tej zaum yuav muaj zog heev)

Qee tus neeg yuav nqus tau LSD los ntawm lub qhov ntswg (snort) lossis txhaj rau hauv cov hlab ntsha (tua nws). Tsis muaj txoj hauv kev los kwv yees tus nqi LSD uas muaj nyob rau hauv ib daim ntawv noj.

Lwm yam hallucinogens muaj xws li:

ntau npaum li cas penicillin muab tus dev

Cov teebmeem ntawm LSD Siv

LSD yog ib qho tshuaj kho lub siab. Nws tau xav tias LSD ua rau nws tus yam ntxwv zoo li kev cuam tshuam los ntawm kev cuam tshuam nrog serotonin receptors hauv lub hlwb. Serotonin yog ib qho neurotransmitter uas pab tswj koj tus cwj pwm thiab lub siab xav, tswj koj lub siab, thiab kho koj cov kev xav.

Cov teebmeem ntawm lub cev ntawm LSD yog qhov tsis tuaj yeem kwv yees los ntawm ib tus neeg mus rau lwm tus. Feem ntau, thawj cov teebmeem ntawm cov tshuaj thaum noj los ntawm qhov ncauj yog hnov ​​​​30 mus rau 45 feeb tom qab noj nws, ncov ntawm 2 mus rau 4 teev, thiab yuav kav ntev li 12 teev lossis ntev dua. Kev siv los ntawm txoj hlab ntshav (IV) yuav ua rau muaj kev ua haujlwm sai dua, feem ntau hauv 10 feeb. Cov teebmeem muaj xws li:

Kev hloov pauv ntawm lub siab tuaj yeem tshwm sim. Yog hais tias noj nyob rau hauv loj txaus koob tshuaj, cov tshuaj yuav ua rau delusions thiab pom hallucinations. Kev noj tshuaj ntau dhau tuaj yeem ua rau mob hnyav mob hlwb . Kev tuag feem ntau yog vim raug mob ncaj qha thaum nyob hauv LSD cawv; tsis muaj leej twg paub koob tshuaj LSD.

Cov teebmeem ntawm lub cev tuaj yeem suav nrog xeev siab, tsis qab los noj mov, nce ntshav qab zib, pw tsaug zog, qhov ncauj qhuav, tshee thiab qaug dab peg .

Tus neeg siv kuj tuaj yeem ntsib qhov tsis txaus ntseeg qhov tob thiab lub sijhawm pom, nrog kev nkag siab tsis zoo ntawm qhov loj thiab cov duab ntawm cov khoom, txav, xim, suab, kov thiab lawv tus kheej lub cev duab. Kev xav yuav zoo li 'hloov dhau', muab qhov kev xav ntawm qhov hnov ​​​​cov xim thiab pom cov suab. Cov kev hloov no tuaj yeem ua rau ntshai thiab tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev ntshai. Qee cov neeg siv LSD kuj muaj kev xav thiab xav tsis thoob, ntshai kev tswj tsis tau, thiab ntshai kev vwm lossis kev tuag.

tshuaj tua kab mob rau kab mob

Ib qho kev paub nrog LSD yog hu ua 'trip'. Mob, cuam tshuam kev puas siab puas ntsws yog hu ua 'kev mus los phem'. Cov kev paub dhau los no ntev, nrog cov teebmeem ntawm cov koob tshuaj ntau dua ntev li 6 txog 12 teev, thiab nws yuav siv sijhawm 24 teev kom rov qab mus rau lub xeev qub.

Health Hazards thiab Flashbacks nrog LSD

Raws li kev cuam tshuam ntawm LSD, lub peev xwm los txiav txim siab zoo thiab pom muaj kev phom sij tsis zoo, ua rau tus neeg siv raug mob lossis tuag.

Tom qab LSD mus txawv tebchaws, tus neeg siv yuav raug kev ntxhov siab lossis kev nyuaj siab, thiab tseem tuaj yeem ntsib teeb meem (tseem hu ua hallucinogen persisting perception disorder), uas yog rov tshwm sim ntawm cov teebmeem ntawm LSD hnub lossis ntau lub hlis tom qab noj cov tshuaj zaum kawg.

  • Lub flashback tshwm sim tam sim ntawd, feem ntau tsis ceeb toom, feem ntau hauv cov neeg uas siv cov hallucinogens mus ntev los yog muaj teeb meem ntawm tus cwj pwm.
  • Cov neeg noj qab haus huv uas tsuas yog siv LSD qee zaus kuj tseem muaj flashbacks.
  • Kev mus ncig tsis zoo thiab flashbacks tsuas yog ib feem ntawm kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev siv LSD. Cov neeg siv LSD kuj tseem tuaj yeem pom cov kev puas siab puas ntsws ntev ntev, xws li schizophrenia los yog kev nyuaj siab loj.

LSD ua rau kev ua siab ntev, txhais tau tias tus neeg siv xav tau ntau dua ntawm LSD kom tau txais tib yam siab. Qee cov neeg siv uas siv cov tshuaj ntau zaus yuav tsum tau noj cov tshuaj ntau dua kom ua tiav lub xeev ntawm kev qaug cawv uas lawv tau ua dhau los. Qhov no yog ib qho kev xyaum txaus ntshai heev, muab qhov tsis muaj kev cia siab ntawm cov tshuaj.

hcg ntau npaum rau txiv neej

Kev siv LSD

Cov National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NHSDA) xyoo 2018 kwv yees tias 5.6 lab tus tib neeg hnub nyoog 12 xyoos lossis laus dua yog cov neeg siv cov tshuaj hallucinogens (uas suav nrog LSD, PCP, peyote, mescaline, psilocybin nceb, Ecstasy, ketamine, DMT / AMT / Foxy, thiab Salvia divinorum), sib xws. rau 2% ntawm cov pejxeem.

Qhov feem pua ​​​​ntawm cov neeg muaj hnub nyoog 12 lossis laus dua xyoo 2018 uas yog xyoo dhau los cov neeg siv cov tshuaj hallucinogen siab dua cov feem pua ​​​​ntawm xyoo 2015 thiab 2016, tab sis nws zoo ib yam li feem pua ​​​​hauv 2017.

Tus nqi ntawm LSD siv nyob qis qis ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas Hauv 2018, nws tau kwv yees tias 376,000 cov tub ntxhais hluas hnub nyoog 12 txog 17 xyoo dhau los yog cov neeg siv cov tshuaj hallucinogens, uas sib xws li 1.5% ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas. Qhov feem pua ​​​​ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas nyob rau xyoo 2018 uas yog xyoo dhau los cov neeg siv kev hnov ​​​​lus tau qis dua qhov feem pua ​​​​hauv 2015 thiab 2017, tab sis nws zoo ib yam li feem pua ​​​​hauv 2016.

Hauv 2019, raws li cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm NIDA's Saib xyuas yav tom ntej 2019 Survey Results: Tag nrho cov kev tshawb pom , xyoo dhau los kev siv yeeb tshuaj tsis raug cai rau LSD ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm qib 12 tau soj ntsuam yog 3.6%, qis dua kev siv yeeb tshuaj tsis raug cai rau cov yeeb tshuaj xas, uas sawv ntawm 35.7%.

Nyob nruab nrab ntawm lub xyoo 2015 txog 2016, kev hloov pauv ntawm kev siv LSD txhua xyoo rau Qib 8, 10, thiab 12 ua ke yog 1.9% (2015) thiab 2.0% (2016), nce +0.1 cov ntsiab lus feem pua. Cov Saib xyuas yav tom ntej National Survey Results of Drug Use: 2016 Overview. Cov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb ntawm kev siv yeeb tshuaj rau cov hluas pom tias 'tsim tsis nco qab' - cov tub ntxhais kawm hais tias lawv tsis paub txog cov tshuaj - tau ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm LSD ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas, uas yuav ua rau lawv muaj kev pheej hmoo siab dua ntawm kev siv xyoo tom ntej. Qhov no taw qhia txog qhov xav tau kev kawm txuas ntxiv mus ntev rau txhua yam tshuaj txhaum cai (xws li hallucinogens) uas yuav muaj kev pheej hmoo rau cov hluas.

Kev kho rau LSD Siv

Thaum txiav txim siab kom tau txais kev kho mob, muaj ob peb kauj ruam uas yuav tsum tau ua.

  • Tham nrog tus kws kho mob kom pab coj koj mus rau qhov kev pab cuam uas ntseeg tau thiab saib xyuas koj qhov kev vam meej.
  • Tham kev kho mob (kev qhuab ntuas tus cwj pwm) thiab kev sab laj pab pawg yuav yog ib qho kev xaiv los pab koj nkag siab txog koj tus cwj pwm thiab vim li cas koj tseem siv LSD.
  • Khaws koj lub sijhawm teem sijhawm thiab ua raws li koj qhov kev npaj khomob. Xav txog suav nrog tsev neeg lossis phooj ywg uas ntseeg siab hauv koj txoj kev npaj kho mob.
  • Saib xyuas koj tus kheej: qoj ib ce, noj zaub mov kom zoo, thiab tswj koj qib kev ntxhov siab. Nyob ib puag ncig koj tus kheej nrog cov neeg txhawb nqa.
  • Kev kho mob ntxiv tuaj yeem xav tau los kho cov tsos mob vim kev siv tshuaj, xws li kev ntxhov siab, kev nyuaj siab, lossis tus mob schizophrenia.
  • Ua hauj lwm los nrhiav kev nyiam tshiab thiab kev txaus siab uas yuav ua rau koj lub siab tawm ntawm kev siv yeeb tshuaj. Xav txog lub sijhawm ua haujlwm pub dawb.
  • Txhua hnub siv zog kom nyob deb ntawm cov neeg siv yeeb tshuaj, txawm tias lawv yog cov phooj ywg qub.

Cov peev txheej ntxiv

Muaj feem xyuam:

Saib ntxiv

Qhov chaw

  1. Kev Siv Tshuaj Yeeb Tshuaj thiab Kev Pabcuam Kev Puas Siab Puas Ntsws. Kev Siv Tshuaj Tseem Ceeb thiab Cov Ntsuas Kev Mob Siab Hauv Tebchaws Meskas: Cov txiaj ntsig los ntawm 2018 National Survey on Drug and Health. Tau txais los ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 28, 2020 thaum https://www.samhsa.gov/data/release/2018-national-survey-drug-use-and-health-nsduh-releases
  2. Saib xyuas yav tom ntej 2019 Survey Results: Tag nrho cov kev tshawb pom. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
  3. Kev Ua Phem Txhaum Cai thiab Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Kev Tswj Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Hauv Tebchaws, Kev Tshawb Fawb Hauv Tebchaws ntawm Kev Siv Tshuaj thiab Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv: Kev Nyuaj Siab ntawm Ntau Yam Tshuaj rau Hnub nyoog 12 lossis laus dua, Hnub nyoog 12 txog 17, Hnub nyoog 18 txog 25, thiab Hnub nyoog 26 lossis laus dua; 2015 - 2016 (hauv feem pua). Tau txais los ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 28, 2020 thaum https://www.drugabuse.gov/national-survey-drug-use-health
  4. LSD. US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). Tau txais los ntawm Aug 30, 2018 at https://www.dea.gov/factsheets/lsd
  5. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Kev tshawb fawb qhia series: hallucinogens thiab dissociative tshuaj. Tau txais los ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 28, 2020 thaum https://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/hallucinogensrrs.pdf . Hloov kho Lub Ib Hlis 2014.
  6. Yuav Ua Li Cas Kev Ua Phem Ntawm Hallucinogens thiab Cov Tshuaj Dissociative? National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Tau txais los ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 28, 2020 thaum Tsab ntawv xov xwm no tshwm sim thawj zaug https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/hallucinogens-dissociative-drugs/why-do-people-take-hallucinogens
  7. Hallucinogens thiab Dissociative Drugs. Los ntawm Tus Thawj Coj. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Tau txais los ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 28, 2020 thaum https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/hallucinogens-dissociative-drugs/director
  8. Kev siv tshuaj - LSD. MedLine Plus. US National Library of Medicine. Tau txais los ntawm Aug 30, 2018 at https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000795.htm
  9. LSD Overdose. Drugabuse.com. Tau txais los ntawm Aug 30, 2018 at https://drugabuse.com/lsd/overdose/
  10. LSD. NZ Drug Foundation. Tau txais los ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 28, 2020 thaum https://www.drugfoundation.org.nz/info/drug-index/lsd/
  11. Psychedelic Amazonian Tshuaj, Ayahuasca, Tej zaum yuav yooj yim cov tsos mob ntawm kev nyuaj siab, cawv. Drugs.com. Kaum Ib Hlis 14, 2017. Nkag mus rau Lub Yim Hli 31, 2018.
  12. Hallucinogens. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Tau txais los ntawm Lub Ib Hlis 28, 2020 thaum https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/hallucinogens
  13. Fuentes Juan José, Fonseca Francina, Elices Matilde, Farré Magí, Torrens Marta. Kev Siv Tshuaj Kho Mob LSD hauv Psychiatry: Kev Tshawb Fawb Txog Kev Tshawb Fawb Txog Kev Tshawb Fawb Txog Kev Tshawb Fawb . Frontiers hauv Psychiatry 2020(10): 943 https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00943

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.