Tsis-hormonal Kev Tiv Thaiv Kev yug menyuam

Kev tiv thaiv kev yug menyuam rau cov poj niam uas siv tsis tau cov tshuaj hormones

Txawm hais tias lawv yog cov neeg nyiam, tsis yog txhua tus poj niam siv tau, lossis xav siv, cov ntsiav tshuaj lossis lwm yam tshuaj tiv thaiv hormonal rau kev yug menyuam.

  • Qee tus poj niam tsis tuaj yeem siv cov tshuaj hormones tag nrho vim yog kev noj qab haus huv, pub mis niam, kev phiv lossis lwm yam laj thawj.
  • Qee lub sij hawm tsuas yog xav tau kev tiv thaiv kev xeeb tub thiab tsis nyiam siv txoj kev tswj kev xeeb tub puv sijhawm.
  • Qee cov poj niam nyiam zam cov tshuaj hormones feem ntau raws li kev ntseeg ntawm tus kheej.

Muaj ntau ntau txoj kev tswj kev yug menyuam uas tsis muaj cov tshuaj hormones, uas siv tau yog tias siv kom raug, thiab feem ntau pheej yig, lossis txawm tias dawb.



Kev tswj tsis pub yug menyuam yog dab tsi?

Muaj ntau ntau txoj hauv kev uas tsis muaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kev yug menyuam, tab sis lawv cov txiaj ntsig tuaj yeem sib txawv.

  • txoj kev thaiv, xws li hnab looj tes, daim txhuam cev, lub ncauj tsev menyuam, lossis diaphragm
  • tshuaj tua kab mob
  • Tsis yog-hormonal vaginal gel ( Phexxi )
  • tooj liab IUD
  • Natural Family Planning (txoj kev paub txog fertility lossis txoj kev sib dhos)

Nco ntsoov txheeb xyuas qhov ua tau zoo ntawm cov txheej txheem tswj kev yug menyuam (pom hauv daim duab no). Sib tham txog qhov kev xaiv twg yuav zoo tshaj rau koj tus kheej qhov xwm txheej nrog koj tus kws kho mob.

Feem ntau, cov tshuaj spermicide yuav tsum tau siv nrog ib lub hnab looj los yog diaphragm kom nws cov txiaj ntsig zoo.

Ib tug txiv neej lub hnab looj qau yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws los tiv thaiv txhua hom kab mob sib kis (STD), suav nrog HIV thiab AIDS. Ib tug txiv neej latex hnab looj qau los yog poj niam hnab looj tes yuav tsum tau siv ua ke nrog rau lwm yam kev tiv thaiv kev yug menyuam (piv txwv li, ntsiav tshuaj, thaj, txhaj tshuaj, IUD, daim txhuam cev) yog xav tau kev tiv thaiv kab mob STDs.

Qhov zoo nrog txoj kev tswj kev yug menyuam uas tsis yog hormonal

  • Nws tuaj yeem siv sijhawm luv luv (tshwj tsis yog tooj liab IUD) yog tias xav tau kev tiv thaiv kev yug me nyuam tsuas yog qee zaus.
  • Rau cov poj niam uas tsis tuaj yeem siv cov tshuaj hormones (rau kev kho mob, pub niam mis, lossis lwm yam laj thawj) cov txheej txheem thaiv, xws li lub ncauj tsev menyuam, hnab looj tes, diaphragm, daim txhuam cev tiv thaiv kab mob. Spermicide (zoo tshaj plaws siv nrog hnab looj tes) thiab tooj liab IUD kuj yog txhua txoj hauv kev tsis muaj tshuaj hormones.
  • Ntau txoj hauv kev pheej yig, tab sis tej zaum yuav tsis them nyiaj pov hwm vim tias lawv muaj nyob hauv khw muag khoom (OTC).
  • Qee txoj hauv kev yooj yim nkag tau yam tsis muaj ntawv sau tshuaj ntawm cov khw muag khoom, thiab tuaj yeem ntim tau yooj yim rau kev mus ncig.

Qhov tsis zoo nrog txoj kev tswj kev yug me nyuam uas tsis yog hormonal

  • Tsuas yog cov tooj liab IUD, cov txheej txheem no yuav tsum tau siv ceev faj thiab siv kom tsis txhob muaj menyuam. Tej zaum lawv yuav cuam tshuam ntau dua qhov tsis ua tiav thaum piv rau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kev yug menyuam lossis lwm yam kev xaiv tswj kev yug menyuam.
  • Qee txoj kev siv tsis tuaj yeem siv thaum cev xeeb tub.
  • Qee tus poj niam yuav tsis nyiam tso lossis tawm hauv cov kwj dej ntawm qhov chaw mos, lossis yuav pom tias nws tsis xis nyob.
  • Qee txoj hauv kev, xws li lub diaphragm lossis hnab looj tes, tuaj yeem cuam tshuam kev sib deev spontaneity.

Kev mob tshwm sim nrog txoj kev tswj kev yug menyuam uas tsis yog hormonal

Cov teebmeem tshwm sim

Kev tiv thaiv kev xeeb tub uas tsis yog hormonal barrier muaj ob peb yam tshwm sim. Cov tooj liab IUD tuaj yeem txuas nrog cov kev mob tshwm sim loj.

Qee tus poj niam lossis txiv neej yuav muaj khaus, qhuav, lossis ua xua cuam tshuam nrog cov khoom siv tso rau hauv qhov chaw mos, xws li hnab looj tes, lub kaus ncauj tsev menyuam, diaphragm, daim txhuam cev tiv thaiv kab mob lossis tshuaj tua kab mob. Yog tias muaj kev phiv tshwm sim thaum siv, tiv tauj koj tus kws kho mob.

Kev mob tshwm sim hnyav dua

Cov kev mob tshwm sim loj heev tsis tshua muaj nrog cov txheej txheem uas tsis yog-hormonal barrier ntawm kev tswj kev yug me nyuam, zoo li nrog cov hnab looj tes, diaphragm, lossis lub ncauj tsev menyuam; Txawm hais tias kev ua xua tuaj yeem tshwm sim tsis tshua muaj, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias muaj cov latex. Toxic shock syndrome tej zaum yuav tsis tshua muaj tshwm sim nrog daim txhuam cev tiv thaiv kab mob.

Cov kev mob tshwm sim loj heev nrog cov IUD tooj liab tuaj yeem suav nrog: kab mob pelvic inflammatory (PID), uterine perforation, ectopic cev xeeb tub, thiab IUD ntiab tawm.

Lwm cov lus ceeb toom thiab cov kev mob tshwm sim tuaj yeem tshwm sim nrog kev siv tshuaj tiv thaiv kev yug menyuam uas tsis yog hormonal. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb los tshuaj xyuas cov ntaub ntawv ntawm cov neeg siv khoom tshwj xeeb rau koj qhov kev xaiv tswj kev yug menyuam. Sib tham txog cov kev mob tshwm sim loj no nrog koj tus kws kho mob. Qhia rau koj tus kws kho mob txog tag nrho lwm yam tshuaj uas koj noj, suav nrog cov tshuaj, hauv khw muag khoom, cov tshuaj vitamin thiab tshuaj ntsuab.

Kev Xaiv Tsis-Hormonal Birth Control Options

; lub hau yuav tsum nyob hauv qhov chaw 6 teev tom qab kev sib deev, tab sis tsis txhob tawm hauv qhov chaw mos ntev tshaj 48 teev.
  • Yuav kav 1 mus rau 2 xyoos.
  • Tsis txhob siv thaum cev xeeb tub vim muaj kev pheej hmoo siab dua rau toxic shock syndrome
  • Tej zaum yuav ua rau qhov chaw mos khaus lossis ua xua yog tias ua xua rau silicone
  • Tus nqi $ 0 txog $ 275 ib lub kaus mom (qhov no suav nrog tus nqi ntawm kev xeem); kev tuav pov hwm tej zaum yuav them koj cov nqi hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas. Spermicide yog kwv yees li $ 5 txog $ 15 rau ib pob.
  • 15% mus rau 30% tsis ua hauj lwm tus nqi; kev ua tsis tiav ntawm cov poj niam uas twb muaj menyuam lawm.
  • .vim muaj caij nyoog los kua muag lub hnab looj.
  • Pheej yig, yooj yim nkag tau ntawm cov khw muag khoom.
  • Tsis muaj kev pov hwm; tus nqi sib txawv ntawm $ 5 txog $ 20.
  • 15% mus rau 20% tsis ua hauj lwm tus nqi; txhawm rau ua kom muaj txiaj ntsig zoo siv nrog spermicide.
  • vim muaj caij nyoog los kua muag lub hnab looj.
  • Kwv yees li 20% tsis ua haujlwm.
  • Tej zaum yuav ua rau khaus, hlawv, ua pob.
  • ; yuav tsum nyob hauv qhov chaw 6 teev tom qab kev sib deev; siv cov tshuaj spermicide ntxiv yog tias muaj kev sib deev dua lossis ntau dua 6 teev tom qab diaphragm thawj zaug tso.
  • Tsis txhob tso lub diaphragm rau hauv qhov chaw ntev tshaj 24 teev.
  • Tus nqi $15 txog $75, ntxiv rau tus nqi xeem; tuaj yeem kav ntev txog 2 xyoos.
  • 12-17% tsis ua hauj lwm tus nqi.
  • ....
    Khoom Common Proprietary Names Kev piav qhia
    Cervical Cap Piv txwv hom: FemCap
    • Txoj kev Barrier; flexible cap muab tso rau ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam. Siv txhua lub sijhawm.
    • Yuav tsum tau ua kom haum thiab sau los ntawm tus kws kho mob.
    Siv nrog spermicide
    Tsis tiv thaiv kab mob STDs
    Condom (txiv neej) Ntau yam kev xaiv muaj yam tsis muaj daim ntawv sau tshuaj hauv khw muag khoom thiab khw muag tshuaj.
    • Txoj kev Barrier; muab tso rau ntawm noov thiab tiv thaiv cov phev nkag mus rau hauv lub tsev menyuam. Siv txhua lub sijhawm.
    • Tej zaum yuav ua los ntawm latex; kev ua xua lossis khaus khaus tuaj yeem ua tau.
    • Tiv thaiv kab mob STDs (xws li HIV/AIDs) yog siv kom raug.
    Tsis txhob siv nrog poj niam (sab hauv) hnab looj tes
    Internal Condoms (tseem hu ua poj niam hnab looj tes tab sis tuaj yeem siv los ntawm txhua tus poj niam txiv neej) Piv txwv hom: FC2 Internal Condom
    • Txoj kev Barrier; cov ntaub nyias nyias uas nkag mus rau hauv qhov chaw mos los tiv thaiv uterus ntawm cov phev; tuaj yeem tso rau 8 teev ua ntej kev sib deev. Kuj tseem siv rau kev tiv thaiv kab mob HIV nrog qhov quav deev. Siv txhua lub sijhawm.
    • Xyoo 2017, tau mus rau cov khoom lag luam tsuas yog hauv Asmeskas hu ua FC2.
    • Tej zaum yuav tau txais online los yog los ntawm kev npaj tsev neeg lossis chaw kho mob; kev tuav pov hwm yuav them nrog daim ntawv xaj; $2-$3 rau ib hnab looj qau (feem ntau hauv pob khoom 12). Tus kws muag tshuaj tuaj yeem xaj nrog tshuaj.
    • Muaj peev xwm tiv thaiv STDs yog siv kom raug; ua los ntawm polyurethane thiab hluavtaws latex.
    Tsis txhob siv nrog txiv neej hnab looj tes
    Diaphragm Piv txwv hom: KoroFlex, Ortho-Diaphragm
    • Txoj kev Barrier; silicone khob tso rau ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam ua ntej kev sib deev; rov siv tau.
    • Tej zaum yuav ua rau qhov chaw mos khaus.
    • Yuav tsum tau ua kom haum thiab sau los ntawm tus kws kho mob.
    Siv nrog spermicide
    Tsis tiv thaiv kab mob STDs
    Contraceptive daim txhuam cev Piv txwv hom: Hnub no Sponge
    • Barrier/spermicide method; tsis txhob siv yog sulfite tsis haum; ua npuas ncauj zoo li qhov chaw mos embedded nrog spermicide (nonoxynol-9); ntub dej me me ua ntej siv.
    • Daim txhuam cev tuaj yeem muab tso rau 24 teev ua ntej kev sib deev, tab sis daim txhuam cev yuav tsum nyob twj ywm hauv qhov chaw tsawg kawg 6 teev tom qab kev sib deev zaum kawg; tab sis tsis txhob tawm hauv qhov chaw ntev dua 30 teev.
    • $15 txog $20 rau pob ntawm 3 daim txhuam cev.
    • Tsis txhob siv thaum lub sij hawm cev xeeb tub vim muaj kev pheej hmoo siab rau toxic shock syndrome; tuaj yeem ua rau khaus.
    • 20-40% tsis ua hauj lwm tus nqi; kev ua tsis tiav ntawm cov poj niam uas twb muaj menyuam lawm.
    Tsis tiv thaiv kab mob STDs
    Spermicide Hom piv txwv: Encare Vaginal Inserts, Gynol II, Conceptrol; muaj yam tsis muaj daim ntawv sau tshuaj ntawm cov khw muag khoom / khw muag tshuaj.
    • Spermicidal cream, jellies, foams, films, vaginal suppositories; feem ntau muaj nonoxynol-9 , ib qho tshuaj tua cov phev kom tiv thaiv fertilization.
    • Spermicides tau muab tso rau hauv qhov chaw mos sai ua ntej kev sib deev; tuaj yeem ua rau khaus.
    • Tus nqi yog kwv yees li $ 5 txog $ 20 rau ntau pob.
    • Siab tsis ua hauj lwm tus nqi 20% mus rau 30% thaum siv ib leeg.
    • Txhawm rau kom muaj txiaj ntsig zoo yuav tsum tau siv ib lub hnab looj los yog diaphragm.
    • Tsis them los ntawm kev tuav pov hwm (cov khoom muag hauv khw muag khoom).
    Tsis tiv thaiv kab mob STDs
    Tsis-hormonal vaginal gel Hom Tshuaj: Phexxi (lactic acid, citric acid thiab potassium bitartrate)
    • Phexxi yog cov khoom siv tshuaj siv los tiv thaiv kev xeeb tub thiab ua raws li kev xav tau ntawm kev tswj kev yug menyuam.
    • Gel muab tso rau hauv qhov chaw mos ua ntej kev sib deev los pab kom tsis txhob phev mus rau lub qe. Phexxi tiv thaiv kev xeeb tub los ntawm kev txo qis pH hauv koj qhov chaw mos thiab ua kom cov phev txav qeeb. Phexxi tsis zoo rau kev tiv thaiv kev xeeb tub thaum noj tom qab kev sib deev.
    • Los nyob rau hauv ib qho pre-filled single-dose applicator. Ntxig rau hauv qhov chaw mos tam sim ua ntej (lossis txog li ib teev ua ntej) txhua ntu ntawm qhov chaw mos sib deev. Ua raws li cov lus qhia siv rau ntawm pob.
    • Txhawm rau kom muaj txiaj ntsig zoo tuaj yeem siv nrog hnab looj tes lossis diaphragm. Tsis txhob siv Phexxi nrog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob hauv qhov chaw mos.
    Copper Intrauterine Device (tooj liab T IUD) ParaGard IUD ; yuav tsum tau muab tshuaj thiab tso los ntawm tus kws kho mob.
    • Tsis-hormonal IUD; tso los ntawm tus kws kho mob hauv 7 hnub ntawm kev coj khaub ncaws; hloov tom qab 10 xyoo.
    • Tsis txhob tau txais yog tias koj muaj kev tsis haum tooj liab, Wilson's Disease , los yog los ntshav.
    • Cov kev mob tshwm sim feem ntau suav nrog lub sijhawm ntev thiab hnyav dua lossis pom pom; Cov no tuaj yeem txo qis tom qab 2 mus rau 3 lub hlis.
    • Cov kev mob tshwm sim loj tuaj yeem suav nrog kab mob pelvic inflammatory (PID), uterine perforation, IUD expulsion, ectopic cev xeeb tub.
    • Yog hais tias lub sij hawm tsis tuaj, yuav tsum tau soj ntsuam tam sim rau cev xeeb tub; tsis txhob siv thaum cev xeeb tub, PID, postpregnancy lossis postabortion uterine kab mob hauv 3 lub hlis dhau los; mob qog noj ntshav ntawm lub tsev menyuam lossis lub tsev menyuam; kab mob hauv lub ncauj tsev menyuam.
    • <1% failure rate; highly effective type of birth control.
    Tsis tiv thaiv kab mob STDs
    Natural Family Planning (tseem hu ua fertility awareness method) Tsis siv tau
    • Yuav tsum zam kev sib deev thaum muaj menyuam thiab ovulating; hu ua calender or rhythm method.
    • Tej zaum yuav saib xyuas lub cev kev hloov pauv xws li kev hloov pauv ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam lossis lub cev kub los txiav txim siab ntau lub sijhawm fertile.
    • Tsis muaj cov tshuaj hormones lossis khoom siv.
    • pheej yig.
    • 12-25%% tus nqi tsis ua haujlwm nrog kev siv ib txwm.
    Tsis tiv thaiv kab mob STDs.

    Kawm ntxiv : Txoj Kev Tiv Thaiv Kev yug menyuam tas mus li

    Saib ntxiv

    Qhov chaw

    Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

    Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.