Oregano

Lub npe scientific: Origanum onites L., Origanum syriacum L., Origanum vulgare L.
Hom Lub Npe: Kekik, Mediterranean oregano, Mexican oregano, Roob mint, qus marjoram, Lub caij ntuj no marjoram, Wintersweet

Clinical Overview

Siv

Ib cag ntawm nws daim ntawv thov ua noj, oregano nthuav tawm cov tshuaj tua kab mob thiab cov tshuaj tua kab mob antioxidant thiab muaj peev xwm ua tau raws li cov tshuaj tua kab mob thiab hauv cov ntshav qab zib. Txawm li cas los xij, muaj qee cov pov thawj kuaj mob los txhawb kev siv oregano rau ib qho kev qhia.



Dosing

Tsis muaj pov thawj kho mob los txhawb cov tshuaj kho mob tshwj xeeb ntawm oregano; Txawm li cas los xij, vim nws siv dav hauv cov khoom noj, nws tau raug xaiv GRAS (feem ntau lees paub tias muaj kev nyab xeeb) raws li FDA. Hauv kev tshawb fawb me me, 200 mg / hnub emulsified O. vulgare roj tau muab rau 6 lub lis piam.

Contraindications

Contraindications tsis tau raug txheeb xyuas.

Cev xeeb tub/Lactation

Cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev nyab xeeb thiab kev ua tau zoo hauv cev xeeb tub thiab lactation tsis muaj. GRAS xwm txheej thaum siv los ua zaub mov. Kev noj ntau dhau ntawm cov zaub mov yuav tsum zam vim tias kev nyab xeeb thiab kev ua tau zoo tsis muaj pov thawj. Qee qhov kev tshawb fawb qhia txog cov tshuaj hormonal.

Kev sib tham

Tsis muaj ntaub ntawv zoo.

Kev Phem Tsis Zoo

Oregano tau ua rau muaj kev tsis haum dermatitis thaum siv tshuaj pleev. Thaum noj oregano, eczematous pob thiab, tsis tshua muaj, cov tshuaj tiv thaiv anaphylactic tuaj yeem tshwm sim.

Toxicology

Cov ntaub ntawv hauv tib neeg tsis muaj.

Tsev Neeg Science

  • Lamiaceae (zeeg)

Botany

Feem ntau lossis qus oregano yog ib tsob ntoo uas muaj xyoob ntoo nyob rau thaj tsam Mediterranean thiab Asia thiab cog rau hauv Tebchaws Meskas. Nws creeping rootstock tsim ib square, downy, purplish qia nrog opposite ovate nplooj. Stems tuaj yeem loj hlob mus txog 76 cm siab thiab muaj cov dotted nrog kev nyuaj siab me. Ntshav, 2-lipped paj loj hlob nyob rau hauv lub davhlau ya nyob twg pawg los ntawm Lub Xya Hli mus txog Lub Kaum Hli. ib , ob , 3

O. vulgare subspecies hirtum muaj lub ntsim tsw, furry nplooj ntawm stems uas loj hlob mus txog 45.7 cm siab, thiab floppy dawb paj. ib Ob peb hom Turkish ntawm Origanum kuj pom nyob rau hauv kev lag luam, suav nrog O. onites L. thiab O. syriacum L. 4 Lwm cov se hauv cov genera Coridothymus, Thymbra, thiab Satureja muaj cov tshuaj zoo sib xws. 4 Lippia graveolens Kunth. (Verbenaceae) yog hu ua Mexican oregano.

Cov txheej txheem molecular kom paub qhov txawv ntawm cov tsiaj muaj feem xyuam rau lub hom phiaj ntawm kev tswj kom zoo tau tsim. 5 , 6 , 7 , 8

Keeb kwm

Oregano tau ua ib qho khoom xyaw hauv Mev, Mev, thiab Italian tais diav ua txuj lom thiab tsw qab rau ntau pua xyoo. Nws thawj lub hom phiaj yog ua kom sov plab zom mov thiab circulatory stimulant. Nws tau siv nyob rau hauv perfumery rau nws cov ntsiab lus tsis muaj roj, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj tsw qab.

daim ntawv teev tshuaj tiv thaiv kev ntxhov siab

Cov tshuaj tua kab mob zoo ntawm cov tshuaj tsw qab thiab cov nroj tsuag tshuaj thiab lawv cov extracts, suav nrog oregano, tau lees paub txij li lub sijhawm qub. 9 Kev sim ua tus yam ntxwv ntawm cov khoom no hauv chav kuaj rov qab mus rau thaum ntxov 1900s.

Antispasmodic, calmative, carminative, diaphoretic, expectorant, plab, thiab tonic ua. Nws tau raug pom zoo tias kev haus dej ntawm cov tshuaj ntsuab tshiab muaj txiaj ntsig zoo hauv kev kho mob plab thiab plab zom mov, mob taub hau, colic, thiab ntxhov siab, nrog rau hnoos thiab lwm yam mob ua pa. Ib qho infusion ntawm paj tau siv los tiv thaiv seasickness. Cov roj tau siv sab nraud hauv liniments thiab tshuaj pleev ib ce thiab kom yooj yim rau cov hniav. Nws kuj tau siv los ua tshuaj tua kab mob. 10 , kaum ib , 12

Chemistry

Cov monoterpenoid phenols carvacrol thiab thymol yog lub luag haujlwm rau ntau yam ntawm cov roj yam tseem ceeb, nrog rau p-cymene thiab terpinene. ob , 13 , 14 , kaum tsib , 16 , 17 , 18 Ntawm ntau hom tsiaj suav tias yog oregano, txhua tus muaj carvacrol ua cov khoom tseem ceeb ntawm lawv cov roj tseem ceeb. 4 Phenolic compounds tuaj yeem sawv cev ntau dua 70% ntawm tag nrho cov roj. Biosynthetic txoj kev ntawm O. vulgare, uas tsim cov monoterpenoids, tau elucidated nyob rau hauv glandular plaub hau ntawm cov nroj tsuag. 19 , nees nkaum Cov roj tseem ceeb tuaj yeem ua lub luag haujlwm hauv kev cuam tshuam cov tsiaj txhu, xws li qwj, los ntawm kev pub rau cov nroj tsuag. nees nkaum ib

Kev txheeb xyuas txoj hauv kev los txiav txim siab cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov roj oregano suav nrog thermal desorption gas chromatography-mass spectral thiab kua chromatographic-mass spectral txoj kev. 22 , 23 Siv cov roj chromatography, 4 chemotypes ntawm Italian O. vulgare raug txheeb xyuas nyob rau hauv cov qus. 24 Infrared thiab Raman spectroscopy tau siv los paub qhov txawv chemotypes thiab. 25 Ntxiv nrog rau classical steam distillation, supercritical kua extraction nrog carbon dioxide tau kawm. 26 , 27 Cov nyhuv ntawm txoj kev ziab ntawm cov roj yam tseem ceeb tau raug txhais. 28

Oregano kuj muaj oleanolic thiab ursolic acids; flavonoids 29 thiab hydroquinones; caffeic, rosmarinic, thiab lithospermic acids; tannins; thiab phenolic glycosides. 30 , 31 , 32 , 33

Cov metabolism thiab tshuaj pharmacokinetics ntawm oregano phenolics tau raug txhais hauv nas 3. 4 thiab tib neeg. 35

Siv thiab Pharmacology

Qee yam ntawm cov tshuaj oregano cov tshuaj ua haujlwm tuaj yeem txuas nrog kev ua kom lub sijhawm hloov pauv hloov pauv tau (TRP) channel V3, uas cuam tshuam cov kev xav sov so, los ntawm carvacrol thiab thymol. 36 Tsis tas li ntawd, carvacrol thiab thymol sai sai qhib thiab desensitize TRPA1, lwm yam receptors zoo sib xws. 36 Cov no yog qhov txawv ntawm qhov kev txiav txim ntawm capsaicin, lub hauv paus ntsiab lus pungent ntawm chili kua txob, uas activates TRPV1, thiab menthol, cua txias txoj cai ntawm mint, uas activates TRPM8. Muaj qee qhov kev tshawb fawb soj ntsuam ntawm cov tshuaj muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm oregano, txawm tias nws siv dav hauv kev noj zaub mov.

puag ncig tshuaj ntsuab c 14

Antibacterial kev ua haujlwm

Lub volatile roj ntawm oregano tau pom nyob rau hauv vitro antibacterial kev ua si tiv thaiv ntau yam kab mob gram-positive thiab gram-tsis zoo kab mob, xws li Listeria, Pseudomonas, Proteus, Salmonella, thiab Clostridium hom. kaum ib , kaum tsib , 16 , 53 , 54 , 55 , 56 , 57 , 58 , 59 nrog rau qee qhov methicillin-resistant Staphylococci. kaum tsib , 60 Cov tshuaj pleev ib ce tsom rau methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) tau tsim. 61 Kev ua haujlwm qis mus rau nruab nrab tiv thaiv Helicobacter pylori tau pom. 62 , 63 , 64 Oregano roj zoo li inhibit cov kab mob ntawm qhov qis qis 65 thiab nws cov dej num yog feem ntau vim yog cov phenolic Cheebtsam thymol thiab carvacrol. kaum tsib , 60 Kev hloov pauv hauv cov kab mob cell membrane muaj peev xwm thiab permeability tau txuas nrog kev kho cov roj oregano. 66 Cov nyhuv ntawm oregano roj ntawm cov khoom noj uas muaj kab mob pathogens tau kawm dav. 16 , 38 , 56 , 57 , 58 , 59 Qee txoj hauv kev ntawm cov roj tseem ceeb extraction tshwm sim los ua cov roj uas muaj cov kab mob tsis zoo. 67

Antifungal kev ua haujlwm

Oregano inhibited aflatoxin ntau lawm thiab tiv thaiv kev loj hlob ntawm Aspergillus ntawm cov concentrations tsawg li 0.1%. 47 , 48 , 49 Cov kev tshawb fawb ntxiv tau muab piv rau cov txiaj ntsig ntawm oregano tseem ceeb roj, thymol, thiab carvacrol, uas tag nrho inhibited fungal kev loj hlob ntawm Aspergillus thiab Penicillium hom. tsib caug Oregano roj tau nthuav tawm qee qhov kev ua haujlwm tiv thaiv kab mob tiv thaiv kab mob Candida, tej zaum vim nws cov ntsiab lus carvacrol. 14 , 18 , 51 Synergism ntawm oregano roj antifungal teebmeem nrog nystatin tau pom nyob rau hauv vitro. 52

Antiinflammatory teebmeem

Ib tug supercritical kua extract ntawm O. vulgare txo cov proinflammatory cytokines, thaum nce antiinflammatory interleukin (IL)-10. 27 Rosmarinic acid, oleanolic acid, thiab ursolic acid tau txheeb xyuas tias yog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob. 23 Kev sib xyaw ntawm thyme thiab oregano roj tau pom los txo qhov kev qhia ntawm proinflammatory cytokines hauv tus qauv nas ntawm colitis. Cov qib protein ntawm IL-1beta thiab IL-6 kuj raug txo. 75

Antioxidant kev ua haujlwm

Ntau qhov kev sim tau pom tias hauv vitro antioxidant kev ua haujlwm ntawm oregano tseem ceeb roj thiab nws cov khoom sib xyaw rosmarinic acid, carvacrol, thiab thymol zoo ib yam li lossis zoo dua li alpha tocopherol. 3 , kaum tsib , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 Accelerated solvent extraction tau npaj siab los ua kom muaj kev ua haujlwm antioxidant ntau dua li chav tsev kub rho tawm. 41 Vanillin, vanillic acid, thiab protocatechuic acid los ntawm O. vulgare pom ob qho tib si antioxidant thiab inhibition ntawm cellular melanogenesis. 42 , 43 Thaum ib qho tshiab phenolic glycoside los ntawm oregano kuj inhibited melanogenesis. 44 Kev noj zaub mov mus sij hawm ntev ntawm oregano rau nas txo qis carbon tetrachloride-induced oxidative stress. Plaub. Tsib Lub chaw kho mob tseem ceeb ntawm cov teebmeem no tseem tsis tau tsim. Hauv ob qhov muag tsis pom kev, kev sim tshuaj placebo ntawm cov txiv neej noj qab haus huv, tsis muaj qhov sib txawv ntawm biomarkers ntawm lipid peroxidation tau pom nrog oregano extract supplementation. 46

Antiparasitic kev ua

Hauv 1 txoj kev tshawb fawb, 14 tus neeg mob uas paub cov kab mob parasites tau muab 200 mg emulsified O. vulgare roj rau 6 lub lis piam. Entamoeba hartmanni, Endolimax nana, thiab Blastocystis hominis raug tshem tawm los ntawm 13 tus neeg mob. 68 Ntau cov roj, suav nrog oregano, tau pom tias inhibit Giardia trophozoite kev loj hlob thiab kev vam meej. 69 Cov roj ntawm O. vulgare tau pom tias tshem tawm cov kab mob sib kis hauv qaib thiab pheasants. Cov kev sim hauv vitro pom kev ua haujlwm tawm tsam Trypanosoma cruzi. 68 , 70

Antispasmodic teebmeem

Origanum compactum tau siv hauv Morocco ua spasmolytic, npaj ua tshuaj yej los ntawm paj thiab nplooj ntawm cov nroj tsuag. Kev ua spasmolytic sai ntawm O. compactum tau pom nyob rau hauv vitro thwmsim tom qab siv acetylcholine ntawm cov leeg nqaij npaj los tsim kev cog lus. Nws yog xav tias cov tshuaj ntsuab stabilizes cov nqaij daim nyias nyias los ntawm kev cuam tshuam cov influx ntawm calcium thiab nws cov regulatory proteins. ob Cov khoom xyaw nquag hauv O. compactum tseem ceeb roj zoo li thymol thiab carvacrol. 71

Mob qog noj ntshav

Cov roj tseem ceeb ntawm O. syriacum thiab O. vulgare inhibited kev loj hlob ntawm cov qog nqaij hlav mis hauv vitro; Txawm li cas los xij, lawv tsis yog cytotoxic. 79 Oregano ethanolic extract induced apoptosis nyob rau hauv tib neeg txoj hnyuv kab mob hlwb. 80 Hauv cov nas, tag nrho cov oregano muab qhov ncauj pom zoo inhibited dimethylhydrazine-induced nyuv qog noj ntshav ntawm 40 mg / kg. 81 Galangin thiab quercetin los ntawm oregano tau pom tias yog tshuaj tua kab mob hauv Ames kuaj nrog Salmonella typhimurium TA98. 82 Thymol muaj cov tshuaj genotoxic hauv tus qauv Drosophila; Txawm li cas los xij, qhov haujlwm no tau tawm tsam los ntawm carvacrol. 83

Mob ntshav qab zib

Cov kws tshawb fawb tau pom tias muaj cov nyhuv hypoglycemic ntawm oregano hauv cov nas uas ua rau mob ntshav qab zib, muab qee cov pov thawj txhawb rau kev siv nplooj oregano hauv cov neeg mob ntshav qab zib. Cov nyhuv yog ywj siab ntawm insulin thiab tshwm sim tom qab ib koob tshuaj ib zaug, nrog rau kev rov ua dua txhua hnub. 72

Lwm cov kws tshawb fawb tau pom tias muaj cov nyhuv aldose reductase inhibitory los ntawm lithospermic thiab rosmarinic acid muab rho tawm los ntawm oregano. Qee cov kws tshawb fawb tau tawm tswv yim tias inhibiting qhov sib txuam ntawm sorbitol tuaj yeem pab tiv thaiv cov teeb meem mob ntev, xws li retinopathy thiab peripheral neuropathy hauv cov neeg mob ntshav qab zib. 13 , 73

Lwm pab pawg tau tshaj tawm cov neeg koom nrog ob qho tib si antagonistic thiab agonist cuam tshuam ntawm peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, uas tuaj yeem siv rau hauv metabolic syndrome. 74

Hyperlipidemia

Ob qho tib si oregano tseem ceeb roj thiab aqueous infusions pom inhibitory kev ua haujlwm tiv thaiv qis lipoprotein oxidation (LDL) oxidation, nrog cov khoom sib txawv ntawm lub luag haujlwm rau kev ua haujlwm hauv 2 kev npaj. 76 Hauv cov neeg mob hyperlipidemic, 25 mL ntawm aqueous distillate ntawm O. onites (dej oregano) noj txhua hnub txhim kho cov teebmeem ntawm kev hloov pauv txoj kev ua neej thiab kev noj zaub mov tsis muaj rog hauv kev hloov pauv me me hyperlipidemia. 77

Qhov ncauj analgesic

Kev siv qhov ncauj qhov ncauj ntawm carvacrol tau txais kev txhawb nqa los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv hauv tib neeg kev sim (n = 25) uas tau sau tseg cov desensitizing zog ntawm carvacrol rau qhov ncauj khaus thiab innocuous tshav kub daim ntawv thov. 93

Kev kho mob

Cov nyhuv ntawm 3% oregano ointment (dawb ntawm cov roj yam tseem ceeb uas ua rau khaus khaus) ntawm qhov txhab kho tau raug tshawb xyuas hauv ib qho me me ob qhov muag tsis pom kev, randomized, tswj kev sim (n = 40) ua rau cov neeg laus uas muaj kev txiav txim siab dermatological. Oregano nyob rau hauv petrolatum los yog petrolatum tsuas yog siv ob zaug ib hnub twg rau 12 hnub. Txawm hais tias 1 tus neeg mob (6%) hauv pawg oregano thiab tsis muaj leej twg hauv kev tswj hwm tau kuaj pom zoo rau MRSA, tsawg dua cov neeg mob hauv pawg oregano tau kuaj pom qhov zoo. S. aureus (19%) lossis raug kho rau cellulitis (6%) piv rau kev tswj hwm (41% thiab 16%, feem). Tsis tas li ntawd, ob qho tib si tus neeg mob- thiab tus kws kho mob-cov qhab-nees kev ntsuas caws pliav tau zoo dua hauv pawg oregano piv rau kev tswj hwm. Tsis muaj qhov tshwm sim tsis zoo tseem ceeb hauv ob pawg. 94 ib

Lwm yam

Monoamine reuptake inhibition nyob rau hauv nas hlwb los ntawm ib qho oregano extract tau pom, thiab qib serotonin, raws li ntsuas los ntawm microdialysis, tau nce siab los ntawm tib cov extract. 78

Dosing

Tsis muaj pov thawj kho mob los txhawb cov tshuaj kho mob tshwj xeeb ntawm oregano. Vim nws siv dav hauv cov khoom noj, nws tau raug xaiv GRAS los ntawm FDA. 84 Ib txoj kev tshawb fawb soj ntsuam cov nyhuv antiparasitic ntawm oregano siv 200 mg emulsified O. vulgare roj txhua hnub rau 6 lub lis piam. 68

cov vitamins rau kev cuam tshuam tsis tu ncua

Cev xeeb tub / lactation

Cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev nyab xeeb thiab kev ua tau zoo hauv cev xeeb tub thiab lactation tsis muaj. GRAS xwm txheej thaum siv los ua zaub mov.

Kev tshuaj xyuas rov qab ntawm cov ntaub ntawv tshuaj lom hauv Uruguay los ntawm 1986 txog 1999 tau tshuaj xyuas kev npaj tshuaj ntsuab hauv khw muag khoom (Carachipita) uas muaj oregano thiab lwm yam tshuaj ntsuab uas nquag siv los ua kom rho menyuam. Cov tsos mob ntawm GI, qhov chaw mos hemorrhage, thiab ntau lub cev tsis ua haujlwm, ua rau 4 kev rho menyuam, tshwm sim hauv 13 tus poj niam uas tau txais qhov kev npaj no. 85 Cov tshuaj ntsuab qhuav oregano (1 g) muaj kwv yees li 4 mcg ntawm phytoprogestins, uas khi rau qhov chaw sib txuas ntawm cov tshuaj progestin. 86

Hauv kev tshawb fawb ntawm cov tshuaj ntsuab raws li kev hloov pauv rau cov tshuaj tua kab mob, qhov txo qis hauv cov qoob loo thiab cov khib nyiab tuag tau tshwm sim hauv qhov kev sim uas cov noob tau noj oregano nplooj, paj, thiab cov khoom noj muaj roj tseem ceeb. Tsis muaj qhov tshwm sim tshwm sim tshwm sim. 87 Lwm txoj kev tshawb nrhiav pom tias nas noj cov roj oregano tseem ceeb tau pom tias muaj kev nce ntxiv ntawm cov cell tuag nyob rau hauv preimplantation embryos. 88

Kev sib tham

Tsis muaj ntaub ntawv zoo.

Progestins: Tshuaj ntsuab (progestogenic zog) tuaj yeem txhim kho qhov tsis zoo / tshuaj lom ntawm progestins. Saib xyuas kev kho mob. Xyoo 1998

Kev Phem Tsis Zoo

Allergic contact dermatitis tshwm sim los ntawm cov txuj lom, suav nrog oregano, tau sau tseg zoo. 88 Txawm hais tias oregano nquag noj, muaj ob peb tsab ntawv ceeb toom ntawm kev tsis zoo lossis kev ua haujlwm tsis zoo. Ib tsab ntawv ceeb toom ntawm anaphylaxis tshwm sim, thiab kev sib tw nrog lwm tus tswv cuab ntawm tsev neeg Lamiaceae tau raug sau tseg. 89 Ib daim ntawv tshaj tawm ntxiv ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv eczematous rau kev noj ntau ntau ntawm oregano tau raug luam tawm. 90

Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia ntawm xyoo 2004 thiab 2013 ntawm 8 US lub chaw hauv Cov Tshuaj Txhaum Mob Siab Tshaj Plaws tau nthuav tawm 15.5% (130) ntawm cov neeg mob hepatotoxicity yog tshwm sim los ntawm cov tshuaj ntsuab thiab cov khoom noj khoom haus thaum 85% (709) muaj feem xyuam rau cov tshuaj. Ntawm 130 qhov xwm txheej ntawm daim siab raug mob ntsig txog cov tshuaj ntxiv, 65% yog los ntawm cov tshuaj uas tsis yog lub cev tsim thiab tshwm sim feem ntau hauv Mev / Latinos piv rau cov neeg tsis yog neeg Mev dawb thiab cov neeg tsis yog neeg Mev. Kev hloov lub siab kuj tseem nquag nrog cov tshuaj toxicity los ntawm cov tshuaj uas tsis yog lub cev tsim (13%) dua li cov tshuaj noj (3%) ( P <0.001). Overall, the number of severe liver injury cases was significantly higher from supplements than conventional medications ( P = 0.02). Ntawm 217 cov khoom ntxiv cuam tshuam rau daim siab raug mob, oregano yog ntawm 22% (116) ntawm cov khoom lag luam ib leeg. 92

Toxicology

Nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev tshawb fawb soj ntsuam cov nyhuv ntawm oregano rau kev loj hlob thiab kev loj hlob ntawm nas embryos, ib qho kev nce nyob rau hauv qhov kev faib ua feem ntawm cov hlwb tuag nyob rau hauv preimplantation embryos tau pom. 88 Kev cais tawm ntawm cov tshuaj lom aristolochic acids los ntawm Lavxias teb sab O. vulgare tau tshaj tawm nyob rau hauv ib qho kev tshawb nrhiav. 91

Index Terms

  • Coridothymus
  • Lippia graveolens Kunth.
  • Satureja
  • Thymbra
  • Mexican oregano

Cov ntaub ntawv

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Tsis lees paub

Cov ntaub ntawv no muaj feem xyuam rau tshuaj ntsuab, vitamin, ntxhia los yog lwm yam kev noj haus ntxiv. Cov khoom no tsis tau raug tshuaj xyuas los ntawm FDA los txiav txim seb nws puas muaj kev nyab xeeb lossis siv tau thiab tsis raug raws li cov qauv zoo thiab cov qauv sau cov ntaub ntawv kev nyab xeeb uas siv tau rau feem ntau cov tshuaj. Cov ntaub ntawv no yuav tsum tsis txhob siv los txiav txim siab seb puas yuav coj cov khoom no. Cov ntaub ntawv no tsis pom zoo rau cov khoom no tias muaj kev nyab xeeb, muaj txiaj ntsig, lossis pom zoo rau kev kho tus neeg mob lossis kev noj qab haus huv. Qhov no tsuas yog cov ntsiab lus luv luv ntawm cov ntaub ntawv dav dav txog cov khoom no. Nws tsis suav nrog tag nrho cov ntaub ntawv hais txog kev siv tau, cov lus qhia, ceeb toom, kev ceev faj, kev cuam tshuam, kev tsis zoo, lossis kev pheej hmoo uas yuav siv tau rau cov khoom no. Cov ntaub ntawv no tsis yog cov lus qhia tshwj xeeb rau kev kho mob thiab tsis hloov cov ntaub ntawv koj tau txais los ntawm koj tus kws kho mob. Koj yuav tsum tham nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej txog cov kev pheej hmoo thiab cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev siv cov khoom no.

Cov khoom no tuaj yeem cuam tshuam tsis zoo rau qee yam kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev kho mob, lwm yam tshuaj thiab tshuaj tom khw muag khoom, khoom noj, lossis lwm yam tshuaj noj. Cov khoom no yuav tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb thaum siv ua ntej kev phais lossis lwm yam kev kho mob. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom qhia tag nrho koj tus kws kho mob txog tshuaj ntsuab, vitamins, minerals lossis lwm yam tshuaj uas koj noj ua ntej txhua yam kev phais lossis kev kho mob. Nrog rau kev zam ntawm qee yam khoom uas feem ntau lees paub tias muaj kev nyab xeeb nyob rau hauv ib txwm muaj, suav nrog kev siv cov tshuaj folic acid thiab cov vitamins thaum cev xeeb tub, cov khoom no tsis tau kawm txaus los txiav txim siab seb nws puas muaj kev nyab xeeb siv thaum cev xeeb tub lossis laus lossis cov neeg hluas. muaj hnub nyoog tshaj 2 xyoos.

Cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv

Nco ntsoov sab laj nrog koj tus kws kho mob kom paub meej tias cov ntaub ntawv uas tshwm sim hauv nplooj ntawv no siv tau rau koj tus kheej.